Primary Sources for Women’s Suffrage

South Dakota State Archives

  • Jane Rooker Breeden Papers [discussion of the collection by SDSHS, here]
  • Matilda Gage Papers
  • John and Alice Pickler Family Papers, finding aid online here.
  • General Federation of Women’s Clubs of South Dakota Records
  • Woman Suffrage Movement Papers (including a 1920 account by Ruth Hipple)
  • Woman’s Christian Temperance Union Records.
  • Run a search for “suffrage” in the newspapers that the State Archives have posted to the Library of Congress’ Chronicling America website – it’s a wealth!

Pickler contributed material for a chapter on the history of the SD suffrage movement to the 1910 History of Faulk County, p.227-255, in full text via Internet Archive.

Della Robinson King, Thoughts of a Thoughtful Woman (1898).
[A short lesson plan on “Thoughts,” from South Dakota State Archives]

Digital photographs:

Suffrage subject materials, University of South Dakota:

  • Jane Rooker Breeden Papers: “The Breeden Papers consist of correspondence, pamphlets, administrative records, newspaper clippings and print materials extending from 1895 to 1933. The papers relate to the woman suffrage movement in South Dakota, including material from the South Dakota Equal Suffrage Association, the South Dakota Universal Franchise League, the State Council of Defense and the National American Woman Suffrage Association. Additional materials relate to the South Dakota Federation of Women’s Clubs.”
    Digital collection of correspondence from Breeden papers, here.
  • Mamie Shields Pyle Papers: “The Mamie Shields Pyle Papers consist of correspondence, pamphlets, newspaper clippings and miscellaneous printed material extending from 1910-1929. The bulk of the papers document the campaign activities of the South Dakota Universal Franchise League. The League, organized in 1911, succeeded in its campaign with the passage of the suffrage amendment to the state constitution in November 1918. The correspondence also contains materials pertaining to the Woman’s Committee of Council of National Defense, South Dakota Division.”
    Digital collection of correspondence from Pyle papers, here. Includes campaign bulletin from the summer of 1910, the Constitution of the Universal Franchise League of July 1912, etc.

Papers of Emma Smith DeVoe, Washington State Historical Society – full scans of letters and scrapbooks related to South Dakota and suffrage via Primarily Washington, here. Scrapbook D, 1889-1890.

National American Woman Suffrage Association reports from/about South Dakota:

  • 1893: “South Dakota,” p148, by Irene Adams and Alice Pickler, the Twenty-fifth Annual Convention of the NAWSA held in Metzerott’s Music Hall, Washington D.C., Jan. 15-19, 1893.
  • 1894: “South Dakota,” p214, by Irene Adams and Alice Pickler, Proceedings of the Twenty-sixth Annual Convention of the NAWSA held in Washington D.C., Feb 15-20, 1894.
  • 1895: “South Dakota,” by Anna Simmons, p89, Proceedings of the Twenty-seventh Annual Convention of the NAWSA held in Atlanta, GA, Jan 31-Feb 5, 1895.
  • 1896: “Anna R. Simmons, of South Dakota,” p56, and “South Dakota Equal Rights Association,” by Anna Simmons and Kate Folger, p158, Proceedings of the Twenty-eighth Annual Convention of the NAWSA held in Washington D.C., Jan 23-28, 1896.
  • 1897: “South Dakota Equal Rights Association,” p93, by Anna Simmons, Proceedings of the Twenty-ninth Annual Convention of the NAWSA at the Central Christian Church, Des Moines, Iowa, January 26-29, 1897.
  • 1898: “South Dakota Equal Rights Association,” p110, by Anna Simmons, Proceedings of the Thirtieth Annual Convention of the NAWSA held at the Columbia Theatre, Washintgon D.C., February 13-19, 1898.
  • 1900: “South Dakota Equal Suffrage Association,” p89, by Anna Simmons and Mrs. F.C. Bidwell, Proceedings of the Thirty-second Annual Convention of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, held at the Church of Our Father … Washington, D.C., February 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, and 14, 1900.
  • 1901: “South Dakota,” p94, by Alice Pickler, Proceedings of the Thirty-third Annual Convention of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, held at First Baptist Church … Minneapolis, Minn., May 30 and 31, June 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5, 1901.
  • 1902: “South Dakota,” p89, by Alice Pickler, Proceedings of the Thirty-fourth Annual Convention of the National American Woman Suffrage Association and First International Woman Suffrage Conference, held in the First Presbyterian Church … Washington, D.C., February 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, and 18, 1902.
  • 1903: “South Dakota,” p92, by Alice Pickler, Proceedings of the Thirty-fifth Annual Convention of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, held at New Orleans, La., March 19th to 25th, inclusive, 1903.
  • 1904: “South Dakota,” p99, by Philena Everett Johnson, Proceedings of the Thirty-sixth Annual Convention of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, held at Washington, D.C., February 11th to 17th, inclusive, 1904.
  • 1905: State report by Alice Pickler not printed.
  • 1906: State report by Alice Pickler not printed.
  • 1907: “South Dakota,” p92, Alice Pickler, Proceedings of the Thirty-ninth Annual Convention of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, held at Chicago, February 14th to 19th, inclusive, 1907.
  • 1908: Press reports “South Dakota,” p51, and state report for “South Dakota,” p139, by Alice Pickler, Proceedings of the Fortieth Annual Convention of the NAWSA held at Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 15-21, 1908.
  • 1910: “Reports from South Dakota,” 42nd Annual Report of the National American Woman Suffrage Association Convention (New York: NAWSA, 1910), 142-149.
  • 1911: “Reports of National Organizers – South Dakota,” p158, by Barton O. Aylesworth of Colorado, and “South Dakota,” p160, by Perle Penfield of Texas, Forty-third Annual Report of the NAWSA given at the convention held at Louisville KY, Oct 19-25, 1911.
  • 1912: No state report
  • 1913: “South Dakota,” p87, by Mamie Shields Pyle of Huron, Forty-fifth Annual Report of the NAWSA given at the convention held at Washington D.C. Nov 29-Dec 5, 1913.
  • 1914: part of Special Campaign Committee report, by Antoinette Funk, p120-121, The hand book of the National American Woman Suffrage Association and proceedings of the Forty-sixth Annual Convention, held at Nashville, Tennessee, November 12-17, inclusive, 1914.
  • 1915: No report.
  • 1916: The 1890 South Dakota campaign discussed by Carrie Chapman Catt in her president’s address, p59-61, 66. The Hand Book of the National American Woman Suffrage Association and Proceedings of the Forty-Eighth Annual Convention held at Atlantic City, N.J., September 4-10 inclusive, 1916.
  • 1917: On South Dakota work, report of the first vice-president, p72, by Helen G. Miller, The hand book of the National American Woman Suffrag Association and proceedings of the Forty-ninth Annual Convention, held at Washington, D.C., December 12-15, inclusive, 1917.
  • 1919: No single report, but a few mentions of South Dakota work in Handbook of the National American Woman Suffrage Association and proceedings of the Jubilee Convention, 1869-1919, held at St. Louis, Mo., March 24-29, 1919, p100, 103.

Mally, Anna A. “The Equal Suffrage Campaign in South Dakota.” The Progressive Woman 3(34) (March 1910), 10.

Stewart, Ella. “South Dakota’s Fourth Suffrage Fight: March of Reform Gives Hope of Victory.” Chicago Tribune (IL), July 6, 1913.

“Woman’s West of the River Suffrage Number,” Rapid City Daily Journal (SD), October 26, 1914.

McMahon, Maria (Mrs. Albert). “How to Win a State.” The Woman Citizen 3 (November 16, 1918), 508-509.

Jones, Effie McCollum. “The South Dakota Campaign.” The Woman Voter 7(10) (October 1919), 14-15.