Biographies of Women’s Suffrage – L

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Edwin T. Langley (1843-1928) [Huron, Beadle County] spoke as a ‘brother-in-law to the W.C.T.U.’ at the fair in 1889 for DeVoe’s Woman’s Day [The Union Signal, November 7, 1889, in “Page 09 : South Dakota — Equal Suffrage Work,” “Page 09 : [news clipping: “Woman’s Day”],” Dakota Farmer (Huron SD), November 1889, “Page 66 : Entire Page,” and “Page 67 : Entire Page,” Emma Smith DeVoe: 1880-1890 (Scrapbook D), WSL Manuscripts, MS 171, Box 10]. For Beadle County’s suffrage convention in February 1890, Langley served as convention secretary, made a speech, and was elected treasurer for the association [Huron Times (SD), February 28, 1890 in “Page 25 : Beadle County Equal Suffrage Convention,” Emma Smith DeVoe: 1880-1890 (Scrapbook D), WSL Manuscripts, MS 171, Box 10]. He was also a planned speaker for the Mitchell convention in August 1890 [Madison Daily Leader (SD), August 8, 1890; Wessington Springs Herald (SD), August 15, 1890; “Page 48 : Entire Page,” Emma Smith DeVoe: 1880-1890 (Scrapbook D), WSL Manuscripts, MS 171, Box 10]. Edwin Theodore Langley was born in Ohio and served in the Iowa infantry during the Civil War. In 1867, he married Lavancia E. Bloodgood in Iowa. In about 1884, they moved to Huron, and Edwin served a time as city assessor in 1887. He was an attorney, was active in the Methodist church, was a prohibitionist, and he was a state leader of the Grand Army of the Republic—serving as state commander in 1890. In 1894, the Langleys moved to Iowa, and by 1900, they had moved to Santa Ana CA, where he continued leadership in veteran’s organizations. After his wife’s death in 1911, he remarried to Octavia Smith in 1912 [For instance: Mitchell Capital (SD), April 8, 1887, June 9, 1893; The Daily Plainsman (Huron, SD), November 22, 1887; Hot Springs Star (SD), October 19, 1888, March 28, 1890, November 23, 1894; Union County Courier (Elk Point SD), March 26, 1890; Boston Daily Globe (MA), August 11, 1890; The Herald-Advance (Milbank SD), November 27, 1891, April 28, 1893; Los Angeles Herald (CA), September 10, 1905, August 3, 1908, August 15, 1910; Willoughby Rodman, History of the Bench and Bar of Southern California (Los Angeles: William J Porter, 1909), 187; San Francisco Call (CA), June 19, 1912; “Edwin Theodore Langley,” Biographical veterans record, 2012, Orange County California Genealogical Society; 1860-1920 census and Civil War records, via Ancestry.com; “Edwin Theo Langley,” Findagrave.com].

Lavancia E. Langley (c1848-1911) [Huron, Beadle County] was named treasurer at the (re-?)organization of the Beadle County suffrage association in March 1890 {an ESA for Beadle had been organized in February with men as primary officers–her husband being treasurer, then these articles list women as officers in March} [Sturgis Advertiser (SD), March 13, 1890; Hot Springs Star (SD), March 14, 1890; Wessington Springs Herald (SD), March 14, 1890]. Lavancia Elzina Bloodgood was born in New York and married Edwin T. Langley in 1867 in Iowa. They moved to Huron in about 1884. She was involved with the Women’s Relief Corps and the Chautauqua. In 1894, they moved to Iowa, and by 1900, they’d moved to Santa Ana California [The Daily Plainsman (Huron, SD), November 10, 1887, July 14, 1892, December 13, 1895; Mitchell Capital (SD), August 15, 1890; Hot Springs Weekly Star (SD), November 23, 1894; Evening Times-Republican (Marshalltown IA), July 21, 1911; “Lavancia Elzina Bloodgood Langley,” Findagrave.com; “Edwin Theodore Langley,” Biographical veterans record, 2012, Orange County California Genealogical Society].

Dr. Harriett H.H. Larkin (c1839-1898) [Huron, Beadle County] was part of the celebration of Susan B. Anthony’s 70th birthday held at Huron in February 1890 at which she “demanded the ballot for her sex by a course of logical reasoning” [Huron Daily Times (SD), February 17, 1890, “Page 26 : Susan B. Anthony Honored,” Emma Smith DeVoe: 1880-1890 (Scrapbook D), WSL Manuscripts, MS 171, Box 10; Huron Dakota Huronite (SD), February 20, 1890]. She had also been recruited by Emma Smith DeVoe to lecture for the WCTU’s ‘Industrial School for Girls’ that was held for a brief time in 1889. At one of the meetings, Dr. Larkin gave a lecture on respiration for which “she brought a pair of sheeps lungs and caused them to be inflated and made the evils of tight lacing very apparent. She recommended the Mrs. Jenness Miller dress reform, which is new, pretty and graceful as well as healthful.” {Annie Jenness Miller of Boston “promoted a larger waist bodice called an emancipation waist” instead of traditional corsets}.

Hariett Hoffman Larkin had graduated from the Hygeio-Therapeutic College of New York in 1863. In 1869, she briefly co-ran a “health institute” in New York City, before moving to California to run her own practice, a “Hygienic Home,” and sanitarium in San Jose and Orange. Her practice included obstetrics, women’s illnesses, Turkish and Russian baths, sun-baths, “Swedish movement-cure” treatments (massage/vibration for internal health), and more. In California, she had also been an active proponent of equal suffrage and temperance. Running a “Hygeian Home” in San Jose, Larkin was reported to be “essentially a ladies’ physician and understands perfectly the treatment of the most delicate cases… well qualified to prescribe for the peculiar ailments incident to motherhood.” She was married to Wallace T. Larkin. Dr. Larkin was also supportive of temperance and had spoken for the affirmative during a debate on “Shall women be allowed to vote?” at a lyceum in San Jose in November 1873. In 1874, the Larkins moved to Los Angeles where she continued to practice and lecture. At one event, she was described as “an ardent advocate, and so frightened the gentleman who had intended to oppose her in debate that his speech was only a supplement to hers.  Several gentlemen were called out, but no one was hardy enough to make much opposition.” By 1882, she was a widow. By 1890, she had set up Russian bath rooms for a health spa on Third Street in Huron, South Dakota. She also had a land claim in Clement ND [San Jose Mercury-News (CA), December 17, 1872, January 3, 1873, March 16, 1873, May 3, 1873, May 10, 1873, June 8, 1873, August 4, 1873, November 15, 1873, November 20, 1873, December 21, 1873; Santa Cruz Weekly Sentinel (CA), January 18, 1873; Los Angeles Herald (CA), May 10, 1874, May 20, 1874, May 30, 1875, June 8, 1875, July 12, 1882; Pacific Rural Press (San Francisco CA), October 31, 1874; The Daily Plainsman (Huron, SD), January 7, 1890, January 9, 1890; Oakes Weekly Republican (ND), April 11, 1890; Huron Dakota Huronite (SD), January 21, 1904; 1870 census, 1890 veterans schedule, and Civil War pension index, via Ancestry.com; “H.H. Larkin,” Findagrave.com].

Lena B. Lasell (1869-1930) [Waubay, Day County] gave a paper on “Will Woman Suffrage Aid in Prohibition?” at a district W.C.T.U. convention in 1914, and supported the suffrage campaign in 1918 for the “local union” [Sisseton Weekly Standard (SD), April 10, 1914; Lasell to Ide with note of Ide to Pyle, March 5, 1918, RD08076, correspondence 1918-03-01 to 1918-03-11, Pyle papers USD]. Lena B. Matheson was born in Iowa to Norwegian immigrants and married Silas Thomas Lasell in 1898 [Kingsbury, History of Dakota Territory, vol. 5 (1915), 1262; 1910-1930 census via Ancestry.com; “Lena B. Matheson Lasell,” Findagrave.com]. The Lasells were directors of the State Bank of Waubay, Silas serving as cashier and Lena as vice-president [SD Department of Banking and Finance, Biennial Report of the Superintendent of Banks (1910), 486; Bankers Encyclopedia 36 (1912), 1563]. Lena was active with the W.C.T.U. into 1921 [The Herald-Advance (Milbank SD), May 13, 1921].

Edith Laughlin (?-1958) [Huron, Beadle County] signed the suffrage petition in July 1911 and participated in a franchise league meeting in April 1916 where she “gave a map study, proving by geography that equal suffrage is a success in the states where women are allowed to vote” [Huron Daily Huronite (SD), July 11, 1910, May 1, 1916]. In 1911-1918, Edith lived with her widowed brother Clifford, as well as Mary, Elnora, and Jackson (sisters and brother? or nieces and nephew) at 535 Kansas St. in Huron. She later moved to Pasadena CA [Huron Daily Huronite (SD), March 11, 1916, December 5, 1958; Huron City Directories 1911, 1913, 1916, and 1918; “Clifford S Laughlin,” FIndagrave.com].

Edla M. Laurson (c.1883-1963) [Mitchell, Davison County] was one of the local women seated on the platform when Mary Baird Bryan came to Mitchell to speak on suffrage in October 1916 [Mitchell Capital (SD), October 12, 1916]. In 1919-1920, she was president of the newly-formed Davison County League of Women Voters, which met at the city’s Carnegie library [The Woman Citizen 4 (August 23, 1919), 290 and 5 (June 5, 1920), 84; Argus-Leader (Sioux Falls, SD), September 17, 1919, May 3, 1920; Mitchell Sunday Republican (SD), September 26, 1920]. Edla Matilda Laurson was born in Illinois to Swedish-immigrant parents and came to Dakota Territory with her family in about 1886 [1900-1920 census via Ancestry.com]. She graduated from what is now Dakota Wesleyan University in 1902 [Mitchell Capital (SD), February 22, 1901, June 13, 1902]. She was involved with the state Y.W.C.A. leadership, the local Methodist church and Epworth League, the Round Table club, and the W.C.T.U. [Mitchell Capital (SD), November 21, 1902, November 6, 1903, May 20, 1904, October 11, 1907, November 27, 1908, May 14, 1914, January 18, 1917]. In 1906-1921, she worked as city librarian, with a year in 1913-1914 as the librarian for Dakota Wesleyan, a year in 1917-1918 studying at the library school at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and terms as president of the State Librarians’ Association and on the state Free Library Commission [Mitchell Capital (SD), August 10, 1906, September 25, 1913, November 27, 1913, June 11, 1914, July 27, 1916, September 20, 1917; South Dakota Library Bulletin 6(1) (March 1920), 1-2 – 7(4) (December 1921), 1]. In 1918, her brother Emil Laurson, a West Point graduate, was killed in action in France [Madison Daily Leader (SD), September 9, 1918]. Between 1920 and 1930, she moved to Detroit and continued her work as a librarian [1930 census via Ancestry.com; Detroit Free Press (MI), January 25, 1963].

* Belle Pelton Leavitt (c.1874-1963) [Sioux Falls, Minnehaha County] was president of the Minnehaha County Franchise League and then the county League of Women Voters from 1915 to 1953, and was a member of the state L.W.V. board in 1919. She served as delegate to state suffrage meetings and conventions in 1915-1916, and delegate to national L.W.V. conventions in 1920, 1922, and 1923.

The Woman Citizen 2 (May 25,, 1918), 511.

Jessie D. Lewis (1879-1972) [Mitchell, Davison County] was an active supporter of the 1918 suffrage campaign for the local committee [McMahon, “How to Win a State,” The Woman Citizen 3 (November 16, 1918), 509; Pyle to Lewis, December 20, 1918, RA12059, and Lewis To Pyle, December 1918, RA12083, Box 4, Correspondence, 1918, December, Pyle Papers USD]. She was president of the Political Economy Club in Mitchell, and when the county suffrage committee formed the Davison County League of Women Voters, Lewis was elected first vice-president [Helen M. Winslow, ed., The Register of Women’s Clubs in America, vol. 21 (1919), 195; The Woman Citizen 4 (August 23, 1919), 290]. In 1919, she was elected a presidential elector, and ran for that post for the Democratic party in 1920 and 1924 as well [The Woman Citizen 4 (December 20, 1919), 609; The Herald-Advance (Milbank SD), October 15, 1920; Daily Deadwood Pioneer-Times (SD), October 24, 1924]. Jessie Davidson was born in Kentucky, and married Richard H. Lewis. They lived a time in New Orleans before moving to Mitchell, where Richard had a furniture business [The Courier-Journal (Louisville, KY), February 15, 1907; 1920 census, via Ancestry.com]. In Mitchell, Jessie Lewis was also a member of the Child Conservation League [Mitchell Capital (SD), November 16, 1916, February 15, 1917]. They returned to Louisville, Kentucky before the 1930 census [1930-1940 census, via Ancestry.com; “Jessie Davidson Lewis,” Findagrave.com]. In Louisville, Lewis was active with the P.E.O. and a supporter of the kindergarten movement [The Courier-Journal (Louisville, KY), February 14, 1930, March 29, 1931, August 18, 1931; “Lewis, Jessie D., 1879- (Mrs. Richard H. Lewis). Papers, 1922-1962. 37 items,” Results for Schools-Kentucky-Louisville, Filson Historical Society, Louisville KY].

Laura Lindley (1880-1961) [Mitchell, Davison County] was elected president of the Mitchell Universal Franchise League in April 1914 and was active in the 1916 campaign as well [Mitchell Capital (SD), April 30, 1914, September 24, 1914, April 8, 1915, January 13, 1916]. For the Mitchell League of Women Voters, she chaired the Laws committee. For the presidential election, she “prepared lessons on all the different parties, and just before the state primaries gave an explanation of the Richard’s Primary Law and conducted a straw ballot to show the women what to do” [The Woman Citizen 5 (June 5, 1920), 84]. When the 19th Amendment was ratified in August 1920, Lindley was on the committee that planned a local jubilee celebration in Mitchell [The Citizen-Republican (Scotland SD), August 26, 1920]. Lindley was born in Kewsick MI, did work in teaching and stenography, and came to South Dakota in about 1911 [1915 census, via Ancestry.com; Traverse City Record-Eagle (MI), April 4, 1961; “Laura Lindley,” Findagrave.com]. She also worked as general secretary of the state Anti-Saloon League and went on extensive speaking tours for temperance [For instance: Mitchell Capital (SD), March 7, 1912, December 16, 1915; Madison Daily Leader (SD), March 5, 1917]. After nine years with the state league, she was hired to run the headquarters of the Anti-Saloon League of American in Washington D.C. [The Citizen-Republican (Scotland SD), May 19, 1921]. For that organization, she worked as secretary for Wayne B. Wheeler, executive secretary of legislative reserve work, and research secretary from 1921 until she retired in 1955. As research secretary after the repeal of prohibition, she compiled extensive statistics on the impacts of drinking for her organization to use in its campaigns [Washington Herald (DC), January 7, 1922; Evening Star (Washington DC), October 20, 1923March 23, 1951; Traverse City Record-Eagle (MI), April 4, 1961; Au: Laura Lindley, Worldcat.org results].

Evening Star (Washington DC), November 22, 1947.

Henry L. Loucks (1846-1928) [Deuel County / Watertown] went to the suffrage convention in Minneapolis in November 1889 with Alonzo Wardall, and they were reportedly introduced by Susan B. Anthony to the convention as “champions of suffrage” and as leaders of the state Farmers’ Alliance invited Anthony to South Dakota to speak at their 1889 convention [Turner County Herald (Hurley SD), November 7, 1889; Wittmayer, “The 1889-1890 Woman Suffrage Campaign,” 205]. Loucks’ relationship to the suffrage movement left a mixed legacy. He was gubernatorial candidate for the Independent party in 1890, and although Loucks invited Anthony to their organizing convention in Huron in July, the party did not adopt a suffrage plank. When asked about it later, he “made an extremely lame reply… Woman suffrage was left out, he frankly admitted for the sole purpose of catching votes” [Madison Daily Leader (SD), July 26, 1890; Anthony and Harper, History of Woman Suffrage, vol. 4 (1902), 555-557; Wittmayer, 217]. Yet, in October, he and Emma Smith DeVoe were primary speakers at a joint event in Madison and both key speakers for a Beadle County Independent rally in Huron—Loucks speaking for the Independent party and his campaign while DeVoe spoke for the suffrage amendment. DeVoe biographer Jennifer Ross-Nazzal wrote that DeVoe did the events to demonstrate to voters that “suffragists of the state — the home workers are not opposed to any party,” compared to national campaigners who were frustrated at all three major parties’ refusal to endorse suffrage [Madison Daily Leader (SD), October 3, 1890; “Page 54 : Flyer: Independent Rally,” “Page 56 : Program: Independent Rally,” and handwritten Madison, October 2, 1890, “Page 58 : Entire Page,” Emma Smith DeVoe: 1880-1890 (Scrapbook D), WSL Manuscripts, MS 171, Box 10; Ross-Nazzal, Winning the West for Women, 48, 53].

Loucks intersected with the suffrage movement again in 1913-1914, while he was running for Senate [Madison Daily Leader (SD), September 29, 1914]. In the Messenger, Ruth Hipple had criticized German and German-Russians’ treatment of women in an article, and Loucks, also then president of the State Grange, wrote to them to contradict their argument. His letter was also published in the Argus-Leader, and suffragists were apparently angry that he had taken the criticism public for political reasons [Easton “Woman Suffrage in South Dakota,” 214]. Yet, in October, he and Robert Dowdell (then also running for Senate, as a Progressive) offered a resolution endorsing suffrage during the South Dakota Pioneer Association meeting at the state fair [Lemmon Herald (SD), October 2, 1914]. Then, in the 1916 campaign, he was listed among the local notables seated on the platform for a speech by Mary Baird Bryan at Goss Hall in Watertown in October 1916 — his wife Florence was the local suffrage league’s treasurer at the time [Saturday News (Watertown SD), August 10, 1916, October 12, 1916].

More on Loucks: “Henry Loucks,” Wikipedia; Carla Bates, “Dakota Images: Henry L. Loucks,” South Dakota History 13(1) (1983); Jeffrey A. Johnson, “‘Equal Opportunity for All, That’s All’: South Dakota’s Henry L. Loucks and the Fight for Reform, 1885–1928,” South Dakota History 46(1) (March 2016); Loucks Collection, 1916-1934, University of South Dakota, Vermillion.

Florence I. Loucks (1858-1928) [Deuel County / Watertown] was elected treasurer of the Watertown suffrage league in August 1916 and communicated with SDUFL president Mamie Pyle after the November 1918 election victory [Saturday News (SD), August 10, 1916; Pyle to Loucks, November 13, 1918, RA11806, Box 4, Correspondence, 1918, November 8-14, Pyle Papers USD]. Florence Isabel McCraney married Henry L. Loucks in about 1879 and they immigrated to the U.S. from Canada. In about 1884, they took up a farm in Deuel County, Dakota Territory. There was a Mrs. H.L. Loucks elected as secretary of the Huron W.C.T.U. in 1892 and 1893 [Sioux City Journal (IA), July 1, 1892; The Daily Plainsman (Huron, SD), July 18, 1893]. In 1895-1905, Florence was postmaster for Altruria (Deuel Co.) [Postmaster Appointments records via Ancestry.com]. In 1897, she and her daughter attended the South Dakota Press Association trip to St. Paul MN as representatives for the Dakota Ruralist newspaper [Saint Paul Globe (MN), July 30, 1897]. After the Loucks’ moved to Watertown, she was involved with women’s clubs [Dakota Farmers’ Leader (Canton SD), December 5, 1913; Saturday News (Watertown SD), July 9, 1914]. Also: Mitchell Evening Republican (SD), February 28, 1928; “Florence Isabel McCraney Loucks,” Findagrave.com.

Dr. Mary T. Lowrey (1856-1941) [Sioux Falls, Minnehaha County] was elected president of the Sioux Falls suffrage association organized in July 1897 by Anna Simmons and Emma Cranmer at the Unitarian church. Lowrey’s experience as an enfranchised woman in Colorado was seen to be a benefit to the South Dakota campaign [Argus-Leader (Sioux Falls, SD), July 2, 1897]. That October, she was listed with Rev. Eliza Tupper Wilkes as one of the South Dakota women doing active campaign work while NAWSA’s organizers Hay, Catt, and Moore were also in the state [Madison Daily Leader (SD), October 21, 1897]. Mary Glover Thompson was from Michigan, graduated from the University of Michigan’s medical school in 1886, and was a practicing physician in Boulder, Colorado, from 1888 to 1912 (at least), except for the time in 1897 that she spent in Sioux Falls. She specialized in “diseases of women.” She was married to Charles E. Lowrey, a librarian at the University of Colorado until his death in 1894. An Oberlin Alumni Magazine from 1935 mentioned she was the sister of Philip George Thompson who had moved to Hanson County, South Dakota in 1879 and worked as a teacher. In 1923, an alumni publication from her school in Michigan connected her to Dr. Eva Shreve, who was practicing in Sioux Falls from 1899 into the 1940s. After her time in Boulder, she moved to Berkeley CA, where her daughter was attending college, and lived at the Hotel Claremont in the last years of her life [Argus-Leader (Sioux Falls, SD), April 12, 1897, May 10, 1897; Ad in Colorado Medical Journal 10 (1904), 28; Oakland Tribune (CA), August 29, 1920, March 3, 1941; University of Michigan, General Catalogue of Officers and Students and Supplements… (Ann Arbor MI, 1923), 423; Oberlin Alumni Magazine (1935), 354; 1934-1940 California Voter Registration records, via Ancestry.com; (with photo) “Mary Glover Thompson Lowrey,” Findagrave.com; Sanford Gladden, Early Days of Boulder, Colorado, vol. I (1982), 69].

c1900 photograph of Lowrey house, BHS 207-21-23, Boulder Public Library.

Sarah Luckey (c.1856-?) [Huron, Beadle County] was third vice-president of the state suffrage organization under Mamie Pyle in the summer of 1910 and signed a Huron petition for suffrage in July 1910 that was published in the local newspaper [Huron Daily Huronite (SD), July 11, 1910; August 25, 1910]. That fall she was an officer of the Presbyterian Women’s Missionary society that adopted a suffrage resolution [Mitchell Capital (SD), October 13, 1910]. In July 1912, she was on the constitution committee for the organization of the South Dakota Universal Franchise League [Mitchell Capital (SD), August 1, 1912; RD04998, Constitution of the South Dakota Universal Franchise League, Pyle Papers USD]. Sarah Blackmon(?) was born in Canada and came to South Dakota in about 1882; she was married to Chicago & Northwestern RR locomotive engineer Thomas M. Luckey [1900-1910 census and 1907-1913 city directories, via Ancestry.com; The Daily Plainsman (Huron, SD), August 6, 1888]. She was involved with the W.C.T.U., serving as one of Huron’s delegates to the territorial/division convention in 1889 [The Daily Plainsman (Huron, SD), August 14, 1889]. In 1911-1914, she was superintendent of the Women’s Department of the state fair [For instance: Bad River News (Philip SD), August 17, 1911; Madison Daily Leader (SD), August 5, 1912, July 8, 1914; Forest City Press (SD), August 29, 1913, July 15, 1914; Turner County Herald (Hurley SD), November 20, 1913; Huron Daily Huronite (SD), August 25, 1914]. In about 1914, her husband retired and they moved to Minneapolis, Minnesota [C&NW Employment Records, via Ancestry; Huron Daily Huronite (SD), August 25, 1914].

Concheta F. Lutz (1861-1956) [Frankfort, Spink County] was a speaker at the suffrage rally held for Spink County in March 1890 and was on the program of the Mitchell convention in August 1890 as a speaker [Frankfort Advocate, March 17, 1890 in “Page 28 : County Convention,” “Page 31 : Program from 1890 South Dakota Equal Suffrage Mass Convention,” and Dakota Ruralist, August 16, 1890, “Page 57 : Entire Page,” Emma Smith DeVoe: 1880-1890 (Scrapbook D), WSL Manuscripts, MS 171, Box 10]. Concheta Ferris was born in Minnesota and married Methodist pastor George W. Lutz in 1885 in Doland SD. They moved to Minnesota in about 1890-1891, living in Morton, Austin, Wells, Redwood Falls, St. Paul, and Winona. In Minnesota, Lutz continued her work for suffrage. She spoke at multiple state conventions and at the 1901 NAWSA convention in Minneapolis. She also served as vice-president (1895-1898), president (1898), and on the executive committee (1900) of the Minnesota Woman Suffrage Association. She prioritized organizing work around the state, even signing a call for a splinter convention in 1912 when she and others felt the state organization wasn’t investing enough in local organizing. In 1897, she was principal speaker at the North Dakota suffrage convention, and, in October 1914, she and Julia B. Nelson of Red Wing went for two weeks to campaign in North Dakota [For instance: Redwood Gazette (Redwood Falls MN), May 7, 1891, October 7, 1903, December 26, 1911, January 2, 1912; St. Paul Daily Globe (MN), September 12, 1895, November 14, 1897, December 1, 1897, February 11, 1898; October 5, 1898, October 13, 1900; Twice-a-Week Plain Dealer (Cresco IA), August 26, 1898; Minneapolis Journal (MN), June 1, 1901; Mower County Transcript (Austin MN), October 30, 1907; Bemidji Daily Pioneer (MN), September 5, 1912; Williston Graphic (ND), September 11, 1913; Devils Lake Inter-Ocean (ND), October 23, 1914]. Apparently, her youngest daughter was named for suffragist Abigail Scott Duniway and, at 8 months old, was made an honorary member of the Minnesota state association at their convention in Hastings MN in 1892 [St. Paul Daily Globe (MN), September 9, 1892]. The Lutz’s and their daughters would also do an entertainment variety act that they performed for a number of different towns, usually at their Methodist churches. Lutz was also active periodically with the W.C.T.U., her husband’s churches, and Methodist groups — serving as supply preacher when needed and working as a minister in the Congregational church after his death in 1914 [Redwood Gazette (Redwood Falls MN), June 7, 1894; May 30, 1895, September 24, 1902, October 7, 1903; Twice-a-Week Plain Dealer (Cresco IA), August 26, 1898; Minneapolis Tribune (MN), October 5, 1898, October 10, 1898; Ellendale Eagle (MN), April 4, 1907; Little Falls Herald (MN), October 7, 1921].

See also: Emma McEarchern, “Biographical Sketch of Coucheta Ferris Lutz,” Biographical Database of NAWSA Suffragists, 1890-1920, Women and Social Movements; 1920 census and W.F. McMillan and C.E. McMillan, McMillan Genealogy & History, p214 via Ancestry.com; “Concheta Ferris Lutz,” Findagrave.com.

Suffragette Parade, Bismarck, N.D., 1914-10-22,” A Century Together Photograph Collection, Institute for Regional Studies, NDSU, Fargo (Mss 1970.34.6): “Concheta Ferris Lutz, President of the Minneapolis Equal Suffrage League, visited Bismarck during for the State Industrial Exposition.  She arrived on October 16, 1914, and participated in the Suffrage Day parade on October 22nd.”

Rev. George W. Lutz (1858-1914) [Frankfort, Spink County] was vice-president of the Frankfort equal suffrage association formed in early 1890 and, at the county convention in March 1890, was the convention secretary and served on the committee on resolutions [“Page 28 : Organizations in Spink County,” and Frankfort Advocate, March 17, 1890 in “Page 28 : County Convention,” Emma Smith DeVoe: 1880-1890 (Scrapbook D), WSL Manuscripts, MS 171, Box 10]. After the Lutz’s moved back to Minnesota in about 1890-1891, Rev. Lutz continued to support the suffrage movement, serving on the executive committee of the Minnesota Woman Suffrage Association in 1892 and participating in the 1907 state convention. Lutz was born in Ohio and came to Minnesota. He married Concheta Ferris in 1885 in South Dakota. After they moved back to Minnesota, they lived in Morton, Austin, Wells, Redwood Falls, St. Paul, and Winona as G.W. was assigned to different churches. The Lutz’s and their daughters would also do an entertainment variety act that they performed for a number of different towns, usually at their Methodist churches. In 1913, he was put in charge of the Winona District for the Methodist church and pastor of the Central Methodist church in Winona. In July 1914, he received a diagnosis of diabetes and at a time without good treatment options, he saw only suffering for him and his family before the disease would lead to death. He took his own life by jumping from a bridge at Lake Winona while his family were away visiting a town nearby [Mower County Transcript (Austin MN), October 12, 1904, (includes photo) July 1, 1908; Oakes Times (MD), August 15, 1907, August 22, 1907; Redwood Gazette (Redwood Falls, MN), July 28, 1914, August 17, 1939; “Rev. George W. Lutz,” Findagrave.com].

* Rev. Henrietta C. Lyman (1852-1928) [Pierre, Hughes County] was a Congregational minister and for the suffrage movement was treasurer, lecturer, and lobbyist for the South Dakota Equal Suffrage Association in 1895-1896, and returned to the state after moving to Wisconsin in 1910 to campaign again for a South Dakota amendment.

Beulah F.(or H.) Lyon (c1890-?1979) [Vermillion, Clay County] wrote a play called “Her Hat in the Ring” about suffrage for University of South Dakota students to perform [Forest City Press (SD), April 6, 1917; et al.]. Lyon was born in Missouri (or Kansas?) and married Clarence Estey Lyon, a professor in public speaking at Yankton College in SD, in 1910. They moved to Vermillion in 1911 when he took the equivalent post at the University of South Dakota. In 1915, she began work as assistant faculty for public speaking (working for her husband) at the university, and worked in that post until at least 1921, though she was in their 1924 yearbook as co-faculty (with her husband) for the Theta Alpha Phi drama fraternity, wrote plays for the university students to perform in 1928, directed the theater club in 1930-31, and judged theater contests in 1931 and 1938. In 1939, they moved to Austin TX when C.E. took a position at the University of Texas. After his sudden death in 1941, she joined their faculty as speech clinician and continued as a playwright [Turner County Herald (Hurley SD), May 11, 1911; 1910-1940 census, 1918-1924 USD yearbooks, and 1940-1957 Austin city directories, via Ancestry.com; Catalogue of the University of South Dakota (1917), 22; (1918), 22; (1922), 21; South Dakota Library Bulletin 14(1) (March 1928), 12-14; Huron Evening Huronite (SD), October 8, 1930, January 6, 1938; The Daily Plainsman (Huron, SD), March 12, 1931, May 4, 1931; Elizabeth A. Cash, Suzanne B. Deaderick, Austin’s Pemberton Heights (Charleston: Arcadia Publishing, 2012), 38-39 (includes photo)].

1924 USD yearbook, via Ancestry.com

Winona Axtell Lyon (1863-1949) [Sioux Falls, Minnehaha County] was elected vice-president of the local equal suffrage club formed in July 1897 [Argus-Leader (Sioux Falls, SD), July 2, 1897]. Winona Axtell was born in Illinois, came with her family to Minnesota after the Civil War, and worked as a teacher and office secretary as post offices and retail/professional businesses, eventually coming to Sioux Falls. She married attorney and politician William H. Lyon in 1891. Winona Lyon was considered a ‘city mother’–a longtime leader of women’s clubs, especially the History Club locally and was founding president of the South Dakota Federation of Women’s Clubs in 1900. In 1938, she wrote a well-regarded pamphlet on parliamentary procedure. She was also a donor of multiple properties for a library, parks, and county fairgrounds, among other city contributions [Argus-Leader (Sioux Falls, SD), January 4, 1931, February 5, 1949; (with photo) “Winona ‘Dolly’ Axtell Lyon,” Findagrave.com].

More to come!