Biographies of Women’s Suffrage – J

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Nettie M. Jackson (1861-1937) [Salem, McCook County] worked to organize McCook County for the 1910 suffrage campaign–distributing literature at the county fair, holding candy sales for fundraising, and holding debates and discussions in rural areas [Jackson to Breeden, September 20, 1910, RD06810, correspondence 1910-09 to 1910-10, Breeden papers USD]. At the suffrage convention held after the 1910 election, she was made a member-at-large for the state executive committee [Pierre Weekly Free Press (SD), December 1, 1910]. A “Mrs. Jackson” was also elected vice-president at the organization of a League of Women Voters branch for Salem in December 1921 [Madison Daily Leader (SD), December 13, 1921]. Nettie May Gibbs was born in Wisconsin and grew up in Lake City MN. She married Franklin T. Jackson, and they settled in Salem (with land in Ramsey Township) where her husband worked in stock buying and served at least a term as mayor. In September 1918, they lost their son Carol Franklin Jackson in World War I [The Minnesota Horticulturalist 29(2) (February 1901), 43; Argus-Leader (Sioux Falls, SD), April 15, 1919; 1870-1935 census via Ancestry.com; “Nettie May Gibbs Jackson,” Findagrave.com].

Mary P. Jackson (1868-1930) [Deadwood, Lawrence County] was treasurer of the Deadwood suffrage club in 1916-1917 and was still a “prominent worker” for the suffrage association when it disbanded in January 1919 [Daily Deadwood Pioneer-Times (SD), April 26, 1916, January 22, 1919; Jackson to Pyle, January 15, 1917, RA07483, Box 1, Correspondence, 1917, Janurary- December, Pyle Papers, USD]. Mary Powers came to Deadwood with her parents in 1877/1880 and, in 1888, married George S. Jackson, a prominent businessman in the local mining industry [George Partridge Baldwin, The Black Hills Illustrated (1904), 4, 7, 98, 137; Daily Deadwood Pioneer-Times (SD), January 12, 1909, July 22, 1930]. Mary Jackson was active in the Thursday Club (a woman’s club) and the Black Hills Federation of Women’s Clubs [Daily Deadwood Pioneer-Times (SD), April 9, 1910, October 6, 1911, February 14, 1912, October 20, 1912; Official Register and Directory of Women’s Clubs in America, Vol. 15 (1913), 226]. After her husband’s death in 1916, she became active in the Women’s Auxiliary to the Deadwood Business Club, the Christian Science church, the Eastern Star, and the League of Women Voters. She also worked as an agent for the New York Life Insurance company in 1923-1927. In 1929, she moved to Watertown to live with her son George Jr. [Daily Deadwood Pioneer-Times (SD), February 16, 1919, March 4, 1920, January 20, 1921, October 2, 1923, December 12, 1923, May 21, 1927, July 22, 1930]. Also: “Mary P Jackson,” Findagrave.com.

Photograph of a group at Custer Railroad Depot, September 1898, including Mr. and Mrs. George S. Jackson, Adams Museum Collection, Deadwood, Item  #0072.356.001.

Ruby R. Jackson (1873-1940) [Ipswich, Edmunds County] worked for suffrage through the W.C.T.U., serving on their legislative committee in 1913, and, at the 1914 W.C.T.U. convention, speaking on the suffrage work for Edmunds Co. and organizing a “Votes for Women” parade in downtown Mitchell [Mitchell Capital (SD), September 17, 1914; Reed, The Woman Suffrage Movement, 59]. Ruby Rosamond Ames was married to Edgar Glen Jackson. The Jacksons came to South Dakota in about 1901 and E.G. Jackson was a merchant in Ipswich [Argus-Leader (Sioux Falls, SD), February 7, 1929, October 12, 1940]. Ruby Jackson was active in the W.C.T.U. from 1908 to 1918, serving as the state corresponding secretary from 1915-1918, and participated in a 1916 state meeting of the Anti-Saloon League [Black Hills Union and Western Stock Review (Rapid City SD), October 16, 1908; Pierre Weekly Free Press (SD), September 30, 1915; Mitchell Capital (SD), March 16, 1916; The Citizen-Republican (Scotland SD), October 25, 1917; Madison Daily Leader (SD), October 5, 1918]. She was also a member of the Ipswich library board in 1919 [South Dakota Library Bulletin 5(2) (June 1919), 156]. Also: “Ruby Rosamond Ames Jackson,” Findagrave.com.

Florence Jeffries (1854-1925) [Fort Pierre, Stanley County] superintendent of contest work 1897, corresponding secretary and national delegate 1906-1909, organizer 1910 for SD Equal Suffrage Association

Edwin S. Johnson (1857-1933) [Yankton / Platte] gave an address to the state suffrage convention in Mitchell in 1914—invited as a senatorial candidate, served on the U.S. Senate’s committee on suffrage in 1915-1917, and put his name to the Men’s Equal Suffrage League of Yankton in 1916. In 1918, Johnson brought resolutions from Mitchell suffragists for a federal suffrage amendment to be printed in the Congressional Record and presented memorials for suffrage from the S.D. Universal Franchise League and other state organizations [Madison Daily Leader (SD), September 14, 1914; Pierre Weekly Free Press (SD), December 16, 1915; The Suffragist 5(65) (April 21, 1917), 7; Image of Men’s League letterhead in a permanent exhibit at the Cultural Heritage Center in Pierre; The Woman Citizen 2 (January 26, 1918), 168, and 3 (June 15, 1918), 49]. Edwin Stockton Johnson had been born in Indiana, raised in Iowa, and came to Dakota Territory in 1884. He was in banking, real estate, and agriculture, and became an attorney in the late 1880s. He served in the state senate in 1894-1895 and the U.S. Senate as a Democrat in 1915-1921 [Kingsbury, History of Dakota Territory, vol. 5 (1915), 1078; “Edwin S. Johnson,” Wikipedia; “Edwin Stockton Johnson,” Findagrave.com].

Julius H. Johnson (1872-1939) [Fort Pierre, Stanley County] was the husband of Lydia B. Johnson and supported her in the suffrage campaign in 1909-1910. He spoke at the governor’s reception in Pierre given for Washington state suffrage speaker Helen LaReine Baker, planned to participate in active campaigning, and wrote a stern letter to the state campaign committee during the leadership crisis in the summer of 1910 that asked for “some show of eliminating the unjust and unnecessary strife at headquarters among a few members of the committee” [Pierre Weekly Free Press (SD), October 21, 1909; Page 2, Bulletin – votes for women, c1910, RA08438, Pyle Papers, and letter Julius Johnson to campaign committee, RD06655, correspondence 1910-05, Breeden papers, USD]. An attorney, J.H. Johnson grew up in Iowa and graduated from law school at the University of Minnesota. He started his practice in 1905, and worked for a time at the city attorney for Fort Pierre and state’s attorney for Stanley County. He was a candidate for the Republican nomination for the U.S. House a few times, and supported the Republican Progressive party in 1911-1912 (as did Lydia). After Lydia was admitted to the bar in 1913, they worked in partnership at an office in Pierre [Pierre Weekly Free Press (SD), May 16, 1907, April 11, 1912, April 10, 1913, May 31, 1917; Philip Weekly Review (SD), June 28, 1907, October 30, 1908, November 30, 1911; Bad River News (Philip SD), July 8, 1909; Mitchell Capital (SD), July 22, 1915; Hot Springs Weekly Star (SD), May 12, 1916; Daily Capital Journal (Pierre SD), November 1, 1939, November 6, 1939; “Julius Hougen Johnson,” Find-a-grave.com].

Lydia B. Johnson (1875-1949) [Fort Pierre, Stanley County] president SD Equal Suffrage Association 1909-1910, lecturer and lobbyist 1912-1918

Philena Everett Johnson (1841-1911) [Highmore, Hyde County] lobbying 1889; president SD Equal Suffrage Association 1890-1891, vice-president SD Political Equality Association 1900-1901, state superintendent for franchise and legislation SD Women’s Christian Temperance Union 1905-1910, died in 1911 after contracting pneumonia while lobbying for suffrage at the state capitol

Perkins, History of Hyde County, 94.

Florence Jones (1878-1936) [Madison, Lake County] worked on the local suffrage committee for the 1910 campaign [Page 4, Bulletin – votes for women, c1910, RA08435 and Page 4, Bulletin – votes for women, c1910,RA08440, Pyle Papers, USD]. Florence was married to Harvey W. Jones, who worked as a merchant. They later moved to Illinois and then to Detroit MI [1910-1930 censuses via Ancestry.com; Madison Daily Leader (SD), January 27, 1911; “Florence Jones,” Findagrave.com].

Ida Jorgenson (c.1880-___) [Sisseton, Roberts County] was elected treasurer and chair of the first city ward at the organization of the Roberts County Suffrage Association in September 1916 [Sisseton Weekly Standard (SD), September 1, 1916]. Ida Surring was born in Iowa and married Carl Rudolph Jorgenson in 1904, shortly after he graduated from USD law school. Ida was also involved with the Zenith Club in 1911-1914, president of a Child Conservation League in 1917, and appointed to a city board of health created in 1919. They eventually moved to Watertown SD [Sisseton Weekly Standard (SD), June 4, 1909, November 3, 1911, October 10, 1913; March 27, 1914, May 18, 1917, June 13, 1919; Kingsbury, History of Dakota Territory, vol. 5 (1915), 692-695; 1910-1940 censuses via Ancestry.com].

More to come!