Biographies of Women’s Suffrage – C

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Clarence C. Caldwell (Howard, Miner County) was one of the men listed as “Noted Men of South Dakota for Suffrage” in a 1918 news article [Citizen-Republican (Scotland SD), October 31, 1918].  Caldwell was Republican candidate for attorney general in 1914 and 1916 [Sisseton Weekly Standard (SD), October 23, 1914; Saturday News (Watertown SD), November 2, 1916].

Mrs. Clyde Campbell (Spink County) served as recording secretary of the Spink County Equal Franchise League [Letterhead of Stevens to Pyle, February 6, 1917, RD07488, correspondence 1917, Pyle papers USD].

Cora Dotson Campbell (Highmore, Hyde County) served as vice-president of the Highmore Equal Suffrage Association in 1908 [Perkins, History of Hyde County (1908), 95].  Cora Dotson married John E. Campbell [Pierre weekly free press., July 17, 1913].

Lewis C. Campbell (Sioux Falls) was a “guest of the table” for the reception given to Carrie Chapman Catt during her visit in April 1916 and was listed as treasurer of a men’s club for female suffrage that SEptember [Argus Leader (Sioux Falls SD), April 22, 1916, September 28, 1916].  Campbell was a district insurance agent, served as state insurance commissioner, and died in 1917 [The Insurance Field 36 (August 24, 1917), 9; “Lewis C. Campbell,”].

* Mina E. Campbell (1862-1942) [Sioux Falls, Minnehaha County] participated in the state suffrage convention in Aberdeen in June 1909 and was named to the finance committee for the state Votes for Women campaign in November 1909, becoming secretary of the expenditure committee. She was also treasurer of the Minnehaha County Equal Suffrage Association in 1909; was involved with the Sioux Falls suffrage league in 1910-1914; was treasurer for the S.D.U.F.L. in 1912; was elected an alternate delegate to the NAWSA convention in 1910; was on the advisory board for the S.D.U.F.L. from 1915 to 1917; and served as county campaign chair in 1918 [Argus-Leader (Sioux Falls, SD), November 5, 1909, September 30, 1910, July 26, 1912, September 19, 1914, September 15, 1923, March 30, 1927; RD06574, correspondence 1909, and RD06882, correspondence 1914-1933, Breeden papers USD; Jones to Pyle, August 17, 1916, RD07467, correspondence 1910-1916, Pyle papers USD; Black Hills Union and Western Stock Review (Rapid City SD), April 29, 1910; Saturday News (Watertown SD), August 1, 1912; Mitchell Capital (SD), August 1, 1912Forest City press (SD), November 24, 1915, December 20, 1916; Sisseton Weekly Standard (SD), October 6, 1916].  After suffrage passed, she remained involved with the League of Women Voters [Argus-Leader (Sioux Falls, SD), September 15, 1923]. Her husband was Lewis C. Campbell, her maiden name was Nicholson, and for a time she worked in her husband’s insurance office as cashier [1910 U.S. census for Sioux Falls; 1915 and 1916 Sioux Falls City Directories (Polk-Avery Directory Co.), 95, 100; “Margaret (Mina/ Myra) E. or L. Nicholson Campbell,”].

Rev. A.E. Carhart (Hurley, Turner County) was scheduled to offer the prayer at the first meeting of the local equal suffrage association [Turner County Herald (Hurley SD), April 10, 1890].

Maud Carle (Watertown, Codington County) “Mrs. Nathan Carle” was elected vice president of the city suffrage league at a meeting in the library basement [Saturday news., August 10, 1916].  Carle was also involved with the Order of the Eastern Star and, during World War I, the county’s council of national defense [The Mitchell capital., November 25, 1898; Saturday news., December 24, 1914; December 16, 1915; and November 16, 1916Saturday news., January 24, 1918].

Fannie Carlow (Lead, Lawrence County) was secretary of a suffrage group in Lead in 1910 [Lead Daily Call (SD), January 15, 1910; Doughty, “The Suffrage Movement in Lawrence County.” In Some History of Lawrence County (1981), 655].

Myrtle Carter (Sisseton, Roberts County) served on the constitution/by-law committee of the new Roberts County Suffrage Association [Sisseton Weekly Standard (SD), September 1, 1916].  She was married to farmer Adelbert “Dell” Carter.  She worked as a clerk in various offices of the county courthouse at least from 1915 to 1920 [Sisseton Weekly Standard (SD), October 22, 1915; January 5, 1917; and July 25, 1919; 1920 U.S. Census for Sisseton].

George W. Case (1861-1943) [Watertown, Codington County] was president of the Codington County men’s suffrage league organized in October 1916, and served as toastmaster for the banquet given in association with the School of Methods put on by the S.D.U.F.L. in June 1918 [Saturday News (Watertown SD), October 26, 1916, May 30, 1918, June 6, 1918]. George Washington Case came to South Dakota from Illinois in 1883 with his wife Capitola Pierce. They first homesteaded in Sully County, spent time in Pierre, then settled in Watertown. He was admitted to the bar in May 1891 and worked as a lawyer, first for and then with Arthur Mellette, and eventually in his own firm with Howard Case. He also had numerous real estate interests. He served in the state senate in 1896, and was appointed land office receiver in Watertown in 1898. He was involved with the Christian Scientist religion [Saturday News (Watertown SD), December 3, 1909, October 17, 1912, December 24, 1914, March 16, 1916; “Biography of George W. Case,” Memorial and biographical record; an illustrated compendium of biography of South Dakota…” (Chicago: G. A. Ogle & Co., 1898), 279; “George Washington Case,”].

“If there is a single legitimate reason why women should not be allowed the right of franchise I have never heard of it.”
— George W. Case quoted in Saturday News (Watertown SD), November 2, 1916.

Mary E. Casler (Franklin, Lake County) was vice-president of the Franklin No.2 Equal Suffrage Association during the 1890 campaign [The Madison daily leader (SD), September 2, 1890].

Dora Cassem (1867-1942) [Mitchell, Davison County] was active in the local suffrage movement from 1913 to 1918, and was also involved with the Methodist church Ladies Aid, the Federated Women’s Clubs, the Mitchell Political Economy club, and was very active with the local and district WCTU, serving as president of one or the other from 1908 to 1914.

W.C. Cavanagh (Yankton) was on the executive committee of Men’s Equal Suffrage League of Yankton 1916 [image of stationary from the league in the permanent exhibit at the SD Cultural Heritage Center].

Dr. C. Emma Cawthorne (Henry) was a delegate to state suffrage convention at Mitchell and read a “poem of greeting” sent by a supporter from California [Mitchell Capital (SD), October 1, 1897].  Dr. Cawthorne was also involved with the WCTU and the state homeopathic society [Press and Daily Dakotaian (Yankton SD), June 11, 1887; Kingsbury, History of Dakota Territory, vol. 2 (1915), 1577Medical Century: The National Journal of Homeopathic Medicine 8(9) (September 1, 1900), 278American Magazine of Civics 6 (1895), 298-302].

Charles B. Chambers (Roanoke, Faulk County) was treasurer of the Roanoke suffrage club [Citing Faulk County Record, Thursday, May 22, 1890, in Faulk County Newspaper Excerpts, SD Genealogy Trails; Page 37 : Fourth of July Picnic, DeVoe Collection, WSL Manuscripts, MS 171, Box 10].  Chambers homesteaded in Dakota Territory in 1883, and moved to Faulkton in 1900.  He dealt in real estate but was also active in politics [Ellis, History of Faulk County (1909), 492-496].

C.C. Chandler (Arlington, Kingsbury County) was founding president of the equal suffrage club formed in Arlington in 1890 [The Daily Plainsman (Huron SD), April 1, 1890].

J.C. Clapham (Blendon Township, Davison County) was the first treasurer for the Davison County Equal Suffrage club [The Mitchell capital., November 19, 1897].  He held various local offices and was involved with the county Republican organization [The Mitchell capital., July 18, 1890, August 8, 1890July 8, 1892, September 9, 1892, May 1, 1896September 18, 1896, June 11, 1897November 4, 1898, June 23, 1899, May 18, 1900, October 12, 1900, October 11, 1901].

Dr. E.L. Clark (Madison) was president of Madison Equal Suffrage Association [The Madison daily leader (SD), September 2, 1890].

Joan Clark [Hayti, Hamlin County] served on the Hamlin County suffrage campaign committee in 1918 [Pyle to county chairs, January 28, 1918, RD07614, correspondence 1918-01; Pidgeon to Pyle, February 8, 1918, RD07722, correspondence 1918-02-01 to 1918-02-08; Pyle to Clark, February 18, 1918, RD07876, correspondence 1918-02-09 to 1918-02-18, Clark to Pyle, November 6, 1918, RA11706, Box 4, Correspondence, 1918, November 1-7, and Bird to Pyle, December 20, 1918, RA12055, Box 4, Correspondence, 1918, December, Pyle papers USD]. Joan’s husband George J. Clark was a newspaper publisher from 1915 to 1928 [Saturday News (Watertown SD), September 2, 1915, May 10, 1917; “George J Clark,”].

Mary Cleaver Clark (-1898) [Deadwood, Lawrence County] was married to Rev. Charles B. Clark in 1865 [The Mitchell Capital (SD), October 14, 1898; October 21, 1898; Kingsbury, History of Dakota Territory, vol. 5 (1915), 1103].  According to her son, poet Badger Clark, “she had an intelligent interest in politics and was a sturdy advocate of woman suffrage in a day when such sentiments were not considered quite ladylike” [James D. McLaird, ed., “Of Preachers, Poets, and Pines: Badger Clark Writes to Ralph Shearer, 1929-1941.” South Dakota History (1984), 354].

Maggie Clizbe (Cresbard, Faulk County) was secretary of the Cresbard suffrage club [Citing Faulk County Record, Thursday, May 22, 1890, in Faulk County Newspaper Excerpts, SD Genealogy Trails].

Floy L. Cochrane (1857-1922) [Ipswich / Brookings / Aberdeen / Columbia] signed on as president of the Ipswich and the Edmunds County suffrage associations at the visit of Emma Smith DeVoe [Ipswich Gazette (SD), July 24, 1890, “Page 47 : Entire Page,” “Page 48 : Entire Page,” and “Page 49 : Entire Page,” Emma Smith DeVoe: 1880-1890 (Scrapbook D), WSL Manuscripts, MS 171, Box 10]. By 1893, she was active with the W.C.T.U., serving as a district president 1893-1915, a delegate to the national convention, president of Aberdeen branch, and state vice-president 1902-1908 [The Daily Plainsman (Huron, SD), September 18, 1893; Pierre Weekly Free Press (SD), September 12, 1895; Mitchell Capital (SD), September 30, 1898, September 12, 1902, September 29, 1905; Aberdeen Democrat (SD), October 9, 1903, June 7, 1907, September 20, 1907; Black Hills Union and Western Stock Review (Rapid City SD), October 11, 1907, October 16, 1908; Turner County Herald (Hurley SD), September 16, 1909; Sioux City Journal (IA), April 2, 1915]. Floy Little was married to Stacy Augustus Cochrane [1900-1920 census,; “Floy Little Cochran,”]. After his death in 1921, she moved to California with her daughter Sara, living in Pasadena [1930-1940 census and 1924-1950 California voter registration indexes,].

Stacy A. Cochrane (1853-1921) [Ipswich / Brookings / Aberdeen / Columbia] supported suffrage in his work as a lecturer for the state Socialist party [Madison Daily Leader (SD), October 9, 1905]. Cochrane was married to Floy L. Cochrane. He worked as a newspaper editor, lawyer, teacher, was appointed state engineer of irrigation and then director of farmers’ institutes under Gov. Andrew Lee’s Populist administration, and was state organizer/lecturer and political candidate for the Socialist party [For instance: Press and Daily Dakotaian (Yankton SD), May 29, 1888; Sully County Watchman (Onida SD), August 15, 1891; Dakota Farmers’ Leader (SD), May 22, 1896, May 29, 1896; Black Hills Union (Rapid City SD), March 12, 1897; Mitchell Capital (SD), September 3, 1897, January 27, 1899, October 28, 1904, January 8, 1914; Hot Springs Weekly Star (SD), June 10, 1898, July 15, 1898; Turner County Herald (Hurley SD), January 8, 1903; Madison Daily Leader (SD), March 5, 1904, September 8, 1905; Omaha Daily Bee (NE), October 21, 1905; Aberdeen Democrat (SD), May 25, 1906, February 7, 1908; Pierre Weekly Free Press (SD), April 9, 1908, June 9, 1910; The Herald-Advance (Milbank SD), January 9, 1914, May 27, 1921; “Stacy A Cochran,”].

“And to women, does he hold out the bright light of founded hope that shall touch the very life of all her kind and equal standards and suffrage shall be a part.”
Madison Daily Leader (SD), October 9, 1905.

Ada S. Cogan () [Sioux Falls, Minnehaha County] was involved with the local suffrage club during the 1910 campaign [Argus-Leader (Sioux Falls, SD), September 30, 1910]. She was married to John T. Cogan.

John T. Cogan (1855-) [Sioux Falls, Minnehaha County] wrote an editorial to the Argus Leader in support of suffrage in December 1912 and served on the executive committee of a newly-organized men’s club for women’s suffrage [Argus-Leader (Sioux Falls, SD), December 27, 1912, September 28, 1916].  A newspaperman, Cogan came to Dakota Territory from Wisconsin in 1879, settling in Sioux Falls in 1889. He married Ada S. He edited The Dakota Elk, served as secretary of the State Press Association, served as ward alderman and Register of Deeds, and was involved with the Populist party [Bailey, History of Minnehaha County (1899), 497-498; Sisseton Weekly Standard (SD), February 12, 1909; Argus-Leader (Sioux Falls, SD), January 5, 1911].

“WOMAN SUFFRAGE AND PROHIBITION. [To the] Editor Argus-Leader: You have always maintained in your opposition to woman suffrage, that votes for women meant prohibition. The attitude that women would assume toward measures of this kind has kept men from becoming interested in the cause of equal suffrage. In the recent election in Colorado, where women have had the ballot for some time, the prohibition amendment was badly defeated, and the women evidently helped to do it. In California, where women have the right to vote a charter amendment providing for the creation of local option units in the residential districts of San Francisco, was defeated by a vote of 4 to 1, at a special election last week; In a recent municipal election in Los Angeles, where the percentage of women voters exceeds that of the men, a drastic saloon regulation ordinance was beaten by more than 3 to 1. Since then the harbor district of Los Angeles voted “wet.” …. As a matter of fact the women will vote more intelligently and will give the states and cities cleaner, purer and better results than the average voter does now. There is not a prohibition state in the union where women have the right of the ballot. So your strong objection to equal suffrage goes glimmering. — John T, Cogan. Sioux Falls”
Argus-Leader (Sioux Falls, SD), December 27, 1912.

Mrs. Cole (Lodgepole, Perkins County) hosted Rose Bower and her associates when she came to speak at the 4th of July “on the top of Lodge Pole Butte at a picnic many miles from a shade tree, we spoke in a sunbonnet with a flock of two thousand sheep grazing around us” [Woman’s West of the River Suffrage Number, Rapid City Daily Journal (SD), October 26, 1914].  I couldn’t find much more about her.

Helen M. Cole (Herman, Lake County) was president of Herman Equal Suffrage Association [The Madison daily leader (SD), September 2, 1890].

Janet M. Cole () [Ft. Pierre, Stanley County] and Hazel Philip, also from Ft. Pierre, demonstrated for suffrage in Chicago in March 1910 by wearing “sandwich board” placards saying “No Vote No Tax” [Philip Weekly Review (SD), March 31, 1910]. Cole also worked with Florence Jeffries to organize a sample voting exhibit at the Stanley County fair [Madison Daily Leader (SD), September 30, 1910].  She worked with Jeffries and Ruth Hipple in a proposed women’s political party and associated newspaper in Fort Pierre — I don’t think the group took off really, but perhaps merged into the SDUFL when in was organized in the summer of 1911 [Madison Daily Leader (SD), February 15, 1911, February 23, 1911; Lead Daily Call (SD), February 25, 1911; et al.].  In 1909, Janet Cole had bought 120 acres in Stanley County through cash entry. In June 1910, she was a part of the group appointed by the mayor to represent Ft. Pierre at the state Dry Farming Congress held in Rapid City. In 1913, a news item, which called her “a prominent South Dakota suffragist,” indicated that she had had trouble and moved away to St. Paul MN in 1911 sometime. Some parcel of land she owned had been used by “local footballers,” she tried to build a fence, they put her fence in the river. Reportedly local law enforcement said “they would have done the same thing—that she got what she deserved.  Mrs. Cole then, in exasperation over the affair, left Pierre for St. Paul.” In January 1915, Hazel Philip went to visit Cole in Minneapolis [Hot Springs Weekly Star (SD), July 14, 1910; The Citizen-Republican (Scotland SD), November 27, 1913; Pierre Weekly Free Press (SD), November 20, 1913; Minneapolis Morning Tribune (MN), January 27, 1915; BLM-GLO Records]. There was a Mrs. Janet Cole who was active with Minnesota suffragists in June 1914 [Minneapolis Morning Tribune (MN), July 25, 1914].

Philip and Cole in Chicago,
Topeka State Journal (KS), March 26, 1910

I couldn’t find much more about her before or after her time in South Dakota. There’s a possibility in Wisconsin — Janet McDonald (1863-1927) who married Milwaukee attorney Rublee A. Cole. He died in 1907, she next shows up buying land on Pike Lake in Price County WI and was in the 1920 census as a real estate dealer in 1915… [Price County Historical Society (WI) newsletter 2018; Walcott,, Descendents of William Robblee and Keturah Baker of Lanesborough, MA (September 2018), 146].

Lucy Coleman (Lemmon, Perkins County) planned to read paper at a meeting of the suffrage league in Lemmon [Lemmon Herald (SD), July 3, 1914].

Miss Collins (Lake County) was elected vice-president of the new Lake County Equal Suffrage Association in November 1897 [Madison Daily Leader (SD), November 12, 1897].  There was a Nellie A. Collins who taught in the Training department of the State Normal School in Madison [Madison Daily Leader (SD), February 4, 1895; December 17, 1910; Turner County Herald (Hurley SD), December 13, 1900].

* Emmer Cook (1848-1925) [Huron, Beadle County] was involved with the South Dakota Universal Franchise League as early as 1912 and served as its treasurer from 1916 to 1918 [Mitchell Capital (SD), August 1, 1912; Dorinda Reed, The Woman Suffrage Movement in South Dakota, p119; Carrie H. Whitcher to Pyle, December 29, 1916, RA07480, Box 1, Correspondence, 1910, April – 1916, December, and RD08744, Box 2, Correspondence, 1918, April 15-22, Pyle Papers, USD].  Cook was also active in the Women’s Relief Corps in 1896-1900 and was an governor-appointee to the State Board of Investigations of the Penal and Charitable institutions from 1903 to 1912 [Hot Springs Weekly Star (SD), June 12, 1896; July 13, 1900; November 6 and 13, 1903; Mitchell Capital (SD), October 26, 1900; March 24, 1910; Pierre weekly free press., March 26, 1908; Saturday News (Watertown SD)., March 28, 1912].

Margaret J. Cook [Hogeboom] (1856-) [Warner, Brown County] when Emma Smith DeVoe came to Warner in July during her organizing campaigns of 1890, Margaret J. Cook hosted a banquet for DeVoe and fifty local women as guests to meet her–“They all said it was the very first time in all their lives that a banquet had been prepared for them. They had prepared many banquets for men, but this was a new order of business.” Cook also was elected treasurer of the new association at Warner [“Page 44 : Entire Page,” Woman’s Tribune, August 16, “Page 48 : Letter from Mrs. DeVoe,” and “Page 48 : From South Dakota,” Emma Smith DeVoe: 1880-1890 (Scrapbook D), WSL Manuscripts, MS 171, Box 10]. Cook was married to Dr. J.W. Cook until his death in 1894, then married farmer Charles J. Hogeboom [The Pharmaceutical Era 18 (July 1, 1897), 31; The State Democrat (Aberdeen SD), March 3, 1899; 1890 Veterans Schedule and 1900-1920 censuses,; “Warner Cemetery: Surnames A-L,” Genealogy Trails, Brown County, South Dakota].

Willis C. Cook (Sioux Falls, Minnehaha County) was part of the executive committee of Sioux Falls’ men’s  club for female suffrage in 1916 [Argus Leader (Sioux Falls SD), September 28, 1916].  Cook came from Wisconsin to Plankinton, South Dakota in 1899, and located in Sioux Falls in 1908.  Trained as a lawyer, he held many prominent political positions included Aurora County judge, state senator, chair of the Republican state central committee, collector of internal revenue for North and South Dakota, chair of South Dakota’s commission for the 1915 Panama-Pacific Exposition, Republican national committeeman for South Dakota, and the U.S. Minister to Venezuela [Mitchell Capital (SD), September 11, 1908July 23, 1914, April 13, 1916; “Willis C. Cook,” Wikipedia; “Willis C Cook,”; Kingsbury, History of Dakota Territory, vol. 5 (1915), 1002-1005 (includes a photograph); “Willis C. Cook,” Bain News Service, LC-B2- 5655-2, LOC].

Osie F. Coolbaugh (Rapid City, Pennington County) served as president for the Rapid City suffrage club during the 1910 election [Black Hills Union and Western Stock Review (SD), October 22, 1909, July 1, 1910; RD06644, Correspondence 1910-05, Breeden papers USD; Page 3, Bulletin – votes for women, c1910, RA08429, Pyle Papers USD]. She also represented the Fornightly Club in a debate event on the question of equal suffrage [Black Hills Union and Western Stock Review (SD), October 21, 1910].  In 1906, Osie Frances Smith had married Melville Fuller Coolbaugh, who became director of the chemistry department at the South Dakota School of Mines in 1905.  He later took a position in Colorado and served as president of Colorado School of Mines from 1925 to 1946 [Black Hills Union and Western Stock Review (SD), December 22, 1905; Pierre Weekly Free Press (SD), August 11, 1910; The Colorado School of Mines Magazine (1917), 162; “Osie Frances Smith Coolbaugh,”; “Dr Melville Fuller Coolbaugh,”].

S.D. Cooley (Huron, Beadle County) signed the press call for state meeting in Huron 1889 [Page 06 : The Convention Called, DeVoe Collection, WSL Manuscripts, MS 171, Box 10].  Cooley was also involved with the Farmers’ Alliance and efforts at organizing alliance insurance [The Mitchell Capital (SD), January 11, 1889November 28, 1890; and May 9, 1892].

Eva R. Cooper (DeVoe, Faulk County) was treasurer of the DeVoe suffrage club [Citing Faulk County Record, Thursday, May 22, 1890, in Faulk County Newspaper Excerpts, SD Genealogy Trails].

Mrs. Charles N. Cooper (Lemmon) hosted the meeting to organize a suffrage league in Lemmon and served as its president [Lemmon Herald (SD), June 5, 1914, June 26, 1914, July 10, 1914].  In October 1914, she organized the meeting where the group heard from Rose Bower, and she “greeted the speaker with a crowded house, yellow decorations and lemonade after the performance.  A male quartette which would do credit to any lyceum course furnished music” [Woman’s West of the River Suffrage Number, Rapid City Daily Journal (SD), October 26, 1914].

Mr. Cornwell [Sturgis, Meade County] signed on as a vice-president of the Sturgis suffrage league formed at the visit of Emma Smith DeVoe in May 1890 [Sturgis Advertiser (SD), May 15, 1890; and in Page 35 : Entire Page,” and Sturgis Weekly Record (SD), May 19, 1890, “Page 36 : Entire Page,” Emma Smith DeVoe: 1880-1890 (Scrapbook D), WSL Manuscripts, MS 171, Box 10]. There was a merchant & contractor in Sturgis at the time named George W. Cornwell, who was also involved with the local Republican party… [Sturgis Advertiser (SD), July 26, 1887May 1, 1890].

Augusta “Gussie” Lena Cornwell (1870-1937) [Sturgis, Meade County] was quoted in the Woman’s West of the River Suffrage Number of the Rapid City Daily Journal (SD) on October 26, 1914 [page 2]: “I advocate equal suffrage because I believe that it is unjust for me to pay taxes where I have no voice nor vote in the expenditure of those taxes.” The widow of Frank Cornwell, Gussie Cornwell was a naturalized Canadian immigrant [1900-1935 census,; “Lena Augusta Sparks Cornwell,”].

Flora Corse (c.1876-) [Mitchell, Davison County] was active in the Mitchell suffrage club during the 1916 campaign and a local leader of the WCTU in 1915-1917, serving as treasurer for Mitchell and a district superintendent for prison reform work [Mitchell Capital (SD), March 30, 1916; August 12, 1915, September 2, 1915, September 16, 1915, November 11, 1915, May 4, 1916, August 10, 1916, August 23, 1917]. Her husband A.D. Corse was a machinist for the railroad, and by 1918, they moved to Minneapolis [Mitchell Capital (SD), October 6, 1910, September 7, 1916; 1910-1930 census, 1913-1915 Mitchell City Directories, in; “Flora Corse,”].

Jean (or Jane) Cowgill (1871-1948) [Spearfish, Lawrence County] was involved in the 1890 suffrage campaign and a vice-president of the Lawrence County suffrage club formed in August that year [Daily Deadwood Pioneer-Times (SD), August 9, 1890, May 11, 1920; Queen City Mail (SD) August 13, 1890; Weekly Pioneer-Times (Deadwood, SD), May 13, 1920]. Jean Cowgill was born in Illinois but grew up on a ranch that her family established in the northern Black Hills. Shewas in the first graduating class of Black Hills Teachers College (now BHSU) in Spearfish [Queen City Mail (Spearfish, SD), May 20, 1937]. In 1890, she also had an interest in prohibition [Black Hills Daily Times (Deadwood, SD), May 27, 1890]. She was noted as an elocutionist and actress, and coached entrants in the WCTU Demorest contest in March 1891 [Sturgis Advertiser (SD), September 11, 1890; Queen City Mail (Spearfish, SD), March 11, 1891, May 6, 1891; Hot Springs Star (SD), August 14, 1891, August 21, 1891; Black Hills Union (Rapid City SD), September 25, 1891]. She taught elocution in Chadron, and studied in Chicago [Queen City Mail (Spearfish, SD), October 14, 1891]. By 1893, she had started working as a reporter in Chicago [Queen City Mail (Spearfish, SD), March 29, 1893].

Cowgill married twice– in 1893-1899 to Australian theatrical manager/playwright Frederick Reynolds, and in 1906-1921 to crusading attorney/politician Frank D. Comerford [Queen City Mail (Spearfish, SD), May 31, 1893; Hot Springs Weekly Star (SD), June 17, 1898; Black Hills Union (Rapid City SD), September 1, 1899; Weekly Pioneer-Times (Deadwood, SD), April 12, 1906; Deadwood Pioneer-Times (SD), July 13, 1923, June 29, 1933; On Jean Cowgill Comerford reports on the Iroquois Theater fire,; “Frank D. Comerford,” Wikipedia]. After her 1899 divorce, she worked as an actress for a company on the East Coast, then continued work as a writer/reporter as well in New York [Queen City Mail (Spearfish, SD), September 13, 1899, January 13, 1972; Daily Deadwood Pioneer-Times (SD), October 9, 1900; The Sun (NYC), December 11, 1901; E.D. Daniels, A Twentieth Century History and Biographical Record of La Porte County, Indiana (Chicago: Lewis Publishing Co., 1904), 264]. For various publications and the Chicago Chronicle, she wrote on child welfare, “factory girls,” about Helen Keller, organized labor, Chinatown, and more [The Times Dispatch (Richmond VA), May 1, 1904; Fargo Forum and Daily Republican (ND), September 3, 1904; Evening Times-Republican (Marshalltown IA), October 19, 1904; Daniels, A Twentieth Century History, 264; Weekly Pioneer-Times (Deadwood, SD), October 12, 1905; Black Hills Union and Western Stock Review (Rapid City SD), December 29, 1905, March 2, 1906; Lead Daily Call (SD), April 10, 1906, July 13, 1914]. After her second divorce in 1921, she moved to California [Deadwood Pioneer-Times (SD), January 28, 1941; Queen City Mail (Spearfish, SD), July 29, 1948].

“Jean Cowgill is one of the best known of today’s women writers in the west. She is doing special, feature work on the Chicago Chronicle and this usually conservative journal is heralding her work far and wide with large posters until today she is attracting more attention than any writer in Chicago. Another triumph for the Black Hills.”
Daily Deadwood Pioneer-Times (SD), October 24, 1905.

Juliet Cowgill (1840-1929) [Spearfish, Lawrence County] signed on as president of a local suffrage committee organized by Ida Crouch-Hazlett in 1898 [Daily Deadwood Pioneer-Times (SD), May 24, 1898]. Juliet Burns was married to Aquilla Coates Cowgill (1823-1899), a Civil War veteran, and they came from Illinois to ranch in Spearfish Valley in the 1880s. One of her daughters was Jean, listed above [E.D. Daniels, A Twentieth Century History and Biographical Record of La Porte County, Indiana (Chicago: Lewis Publishing Co., 1904), 264; National Corporation Reporter 50(3) (February 25, 1915), 109; “Mrs Juliet Francis Burns Cowgill,”].

Dessie Z. Cox (1870-1954) [Rapid City, Pennington County] was involved with the local suffrage club in the 1909-1910 campaign, was the Rapid City treasurer in the 1914 campaign, and signed the Amendment E petition in 1918 [Black Hills Union and Western Stock Review (Rapid City, SD), October 22, 1909, July 22, 1910, October 21, 1910; Woman’s West of the River Suffrage Number, Rapid City Daily Journal (SD), October 26, 1914, pg 4; Rapid City Journal (SD), October 16, 1918]. Dessie Carns was a 1887 graduate of DePauw College and married to William M. Cox [Black Hills Union (Rapid City SD), February 13, 1903; Martha J. Ridpath, ed., Alumnal Record, DePauw University (Greencastle IN: DePauw University, 1920), 398]. She was heavily involved with the local Current Events Club and the state Federation of Women’s Clubs, the W.C.T.U., and the Methodist church women’s organizations [Hot Springs Weekly Star (SD), June 21, 1901, October 18, 1901, July 10, 1914; Black Hills Union (Rapid City SD), June 19, 1903; Mitchell Capital (SD), June 16, 1905, June 22, 1906; Black Hills Union and Western Stock Review (Rapid City, SD), October 18, 1907, April 24, 1908, March 26, 1909,, October 15, 1909, February 4, 1910; Rapid City Journal (SD), November 20, 1930, May 5, 1942]. She was active in campaigns to sell Liberty Loan bonds in WWI and to raise funds for the USO in WWII [Rapid City Journal (SD), October 16, 1917, June 19, 1941]. Also: “Dessie Z Cox,”

Mrs. J.A. Crain [Redfield] was treasurer of the Spink County Equal Franchise League [Stevens to Pyle, February 6, 1917, RD07488, correspondence 1917, Pyle papers USD].  
I haven’t found a Mrs. J.A. Crain in records,  but did find Grace Crain, wife of Z.A. Crain, president of Redfield National Bank
 [Kingsbury, History of Dakota Territory, vol. 5 (1915), 87].

George W. Cralle [Millard, Faulk County] was treasurer of the Millard suffrage club [Citing Faulk County Record, Thursday, May 22, 1890, in Faulk County Newspaper Excerpts, SD Genealogy Trails].

Mrs. M.E. Cralle (Millard, Faulk County) was president of the Millard suffrage club [Citing Faulk County Record, Thursday, May 22, 1890, in Faulk County Newspaper Excerpts, SD Genealogy Trails].

Mary A. Crangle [Oacoma, Lyman County] wrote to Jane BReeden in 1910 to request suffrage literature for the Political Equalit Club in Oacoma [September 10, 1910, RD06788, correspondence 1910-09 to 1910-10, Breeden papers USD]. In 1903, Crangle had homesteaded 160 acres northwest of Oacoma [BLM/GLO Records].

* Simeon H. Cranmer (1853-1943) [Huron / Aberdeen] advocate for suffrage at the 1885 statehood convention and president of the Aberdeen Equal Suffrage Association in 1890.

Emma A. Cranmer (1858-1937) [Huron / Aberdeen] was a lecturer, lobbyist, and president for the state suffrage association in 1891-1909, president of SD Women’s Christian Temperance Union in 1892-1895, and a national suffrage lecturer in 1898.

G.L. Crisp (Yankton) was on the executive committee of Men’s Equal Suffrage League of Yankton in 1916 [image of stationary from the league in the permanent exhibit at the SD Cultural Heritage Center].

Mrs. George F. Cromer (Orient, Faulk County) served as secretary of the Orient suffrage club [Citing Faulk County Record, Thursday, May 22, 1890, in Faulk County Newspaper Excerpts, SD Genealogy Trails].

May Crosback (Watertown) was elected president of SD Equal Suffrage Association in September 1893 at the state meeting in Aberdeen [Kingsbury, History of Dakota Territory, vol. 3 (1915), 789].

Mabel Crossman (1871-1951) [Sioux Falls, Minnehaha County] was a vice-chair of the Minnehaha County Franchise League for the 1918 campaign and on into the first year of the county League of Women Voters [Leavitt to Pyle, November 1, 1918, RA11619, Box 4, Correspondence, 1918, November 1-7, Pyle Papers USD; Argus-Leader (Sioux Falls, SD), January 9, 1919, February 18, 1922]. Mabel Bush was married to Grant C. Crossman in Webster SD in 1892. They moved to Sioux Falls in 1906 and Grant worked as an automobile dealer. They lived in 1917 to 1920 at 1004 W. 10th St. She was also involved with auxiliary of the Lutheran House of Mercy, the First Congregational Church, and was a founding director and the first president of the Y.W.C.A. Late in her life she moved to Maywood IL to live with her daughter and grandchildren [Argus-Leader (Sioux Falls, SD), September 10, 1921, April 1, 1922, January 10, 1923, October 12, 1951; 1917 city directory and 1920 census, via; “Mabel Crossman,”].

Rev. J.M. Crown (Sioux Falls), as pastor of the First Methodist Episcopal Church in Sioux Falls, he gave the opening prayer at the SD Equal Suffrage Association convention held there [Sisseton Weekly Standard (SD), November 12, 1909].

Nellie Cummings (Aberdeen) was the first treasurer on formation of equal suffrage league in Aberdeen in 1914 [Dakota Farmers’ Leader (Canton SD), May 22, 1914].

Kate L. Curtis (Castlewood) was chair of her local chapter of the Universal Franchise League in Castlewood and signed onto the county petition during the 1918 campaign [Saturday News (Watertown SD), October 31, 1918; Pyle correspondence, Richardson-USD,].  She was an alumnus of Yankton College and president of her local Women’s Study Club, and her father, H.H. Curtis, was long involved with the Prohibition Party [The Kimball Graphic (SD), June 26, 1897; Official Register and Directory of Women’s Clubs in America, vol. 15 (1913), 226; (father) Turner County Herald (Hurley SD), June 9, 1898; Dakota Farmers’ Leader (Canton SD), November 2, 1900 and October 23, 1914The Mitchell Capital (SD), October 31, 1902 (gubernatorial candidate); The Citizen-Republican (Scotland SD), June 14, 1906].  She never married [“Kate Lilly Curtis,”].

W. Curtis (The Grove) was vice-president of The Grove Equal Suffrage Association [The Madison daily leader (SD), September 2, 1890].

Harriett A. Curtiss (1868-1932) [Aberdeen, Brown County] was involved with planning the 1909 state convention in Aberdeen and was elected vice-president at large for the SD Equal Suffrage Association in 1909 [Box 1, Correspondence 1909, RD06565 and RD06572, Breeden Papers USD; Pierre Weekly Free Press (SD), June 24, 1909; Ellis, History of Faulk County (1909), 254].  In 1910, she talked to the local Salvation Army about supporting suffrage activity, and reported that, in general, “we find the outlook increasingly hopeful” [Letter Curtiss to Breeden, September 4, 1910, RD06772, correspondence 1910-09 to 1910-10, Breeden papers USD]. Harriett Higgins was married to Ira O. Curtiss, a defense attorney who also had large acreages of farms for winter wheat, tree planting and more. He was also a state senator in 1908-1909 and ran for the U.S. House as a Progressive Republican in 1912 [For example: Aberdeen Democrat (SD), August 12, 1904, August 25, 1905, June 8, 1906, July 20, 1906, September 21, 1906, August 23, 1907]. In 1910, Harriett fell from a trolley car in Venice, California and had to have her right foot amputated [The Citizen-Republican (Scotland SD), March 10, 1910]. In 1913-1920, the Curtiss’ lived in Berkeley before returning to Aberdeen [Saturday News (Watertown SD), June 12, 1913; 1920-1930 census and 1930 Aberdeen city directory, via]. Also: “Harriet A. Higgins Curtiss,”