Bernson, Sara L. and Robert J. Eggers. “Black People in South Dakota History.” South Dakota History 7(3) (1977), 241-270.
Suggs, Henry Lewis. “The Black Press, Black Migration, and the Transplantation of Culture on the Great Plains of South Dakota, 1865-1985.” In Henry Lewis Suggs, The Black Press in the Middle West, 1865-1985. Westport CT: Greenwood Press, 1996.
United States Commission on Civil Rights. Negro airmen in a northern community; discrimination in Rapid City, South Dakota. March 1963.
VanEpps-Taylor, Betti Carol. Forgotten Lives: African Americans in South Dakota. Pierre: South Dakota State Historical Society Press, 2008.