Women in Business in Faulkton, 1909

A while back I did a series of posts on the women included in the 1909 business directory for the city of Sioux Falls.  I came across a website with a 1909 list of businesses and their owners for the much smaller city of Faulkton (link here) and thought I’d try the same research experiment with the women listed there.  The directory was transcribed by K. Torp from a 1909 published county history by C.H. Ellis.  There were several that were hard to find, perhaps they were transient, or married and their marriage record didn’t come up, for whatever reason, on Ancestry.com.  Several of the women worked with/for their husbands or fathers, or took over the management of a business after their husband’s death.  Then, there was Abbie Jarvis who was known for delivering babies, which was a branch of medicine that I would assume was more accessible for women at the time, but she also was so driven to become a qualified doctor that she went to another city, with her two youngest children, in order to pursue that education.  She was the first woman licensed to be a doctor and pharmacist in the state,  and proceeded to have a long and respected career.


Eva M. Young, postmaster

Eva M. Young was born in about 1870 in Missouri to parents from Kentucky.  Young was appointed postmaster in 1901 to fill a vacancy left by her husband Fremont Young who had served as postmaster since 1897 but resigned.  Fremont was a newspaper editor before and after his term as postmaster.  In the 1909 directory where Eva is still listed as postmaster, Fremont is listed as the owner/editor of the Faulkton Advocate.  He died later in 1909 at the age of 48.  In the summer of 1909, Eva was succeeded as postmaster by James P. Turner.

In 1920, she lived in Long Beach, California with her daughter Jenness Haneline.  There is a marriage record for James P. Turner (widower, residence: Faulkton) and Eva M. Young (widow, residence: Los Angeles), married in Aberdeen May 15, 1924.  They lived in Faulkton and James continued his trade as a blacksmith.

Eva Young was also an officer of the Faulkton branch of the Degree of Honor, a beneficiary organization that was first established in 1898 and met in Hay’s Hall, and Modern Brotherhood of America, a fraternal and insurance organization that started in 1903.

Sources:

  • “Clerks in Post-Offices,” Official Register of the United States, vol. 2 (Washington DC: GPO, July 1, 1901), 679.
  • C.H. Ellis, History of Faulk County (1909), 186, 204, 206, 388.
  • Turner County Herald (Hurley, SD), August 26, 1909.
  • U.S. Census: 1910 (Faulkton SD, E.D. 182, April 20th, sheet 5B); 1920 (Long Beach CA, E.D. 74, January 5, sheet 3A); 1930 (Faulkton SD, E.D. 25-13, sheet 6B)
  • Record of Appointment of Postmasters, 1832-1971. NARA Microfilm Publication, M841, 145 rolls. Records of the Post Office Department, Record Group Number 28. Washington, D.C.: National Archives. [On Ancestry.com]
  • South Dakota Marriage Index, 1905-1914, 1950-2013 and South Dakota Marriage Certificates, 1905-1949. Pierre, SD, USA: South Dakota Department of Health. [On Ancestry.com]


Abbie A. Hall Jarvis, M.D., doctor

Abbie Ann Hall was born in 1853 in Ohio.  In 1855, her family migrated to Wisconsin and she attended school there.  She married Matthew J. Jarvis in 1876 and they had five children, four of which survived infancy.  In 1880, they came to Redfield, Dakota Territory and went to Faulk County in 1883.  In 1888-89, they moved into the town of Faulkton where they started a drug store.  In 1892, Abbie Jarvis brought her two young daughters with her when she started medical school in Chicago, though they all would return to live in Faulkton over the summers.  Her education was paused for a time then when she left to care for her mother before the latter’s death in 1897.  Abbie graduated in 1898, fourth in her class of twenty-four, from the Rush (Women’s) Medical College of Northwestern University in Chicago and became the first woman licensed to practice medicine in South Dakota.

abbiejarvis

Ellis, History of Faulk County (1909), 423.

About 44 years old, she returned to Faulkton and started her medical practice.  She traveled to house visits by horse and buggy, then later had family members drive her in a car.  She worked as resident physician for several benefit associations and delivered hundreds of babies for the women of Faulkton.  In 1903, she presented a paper to the South Dakota Pharmaceutical Association on “The Effect of Alcohol on the Human Body Scientifically Considered,” and in 1899 and 1904, she was elected a vice-president.  In 1909, she was one of three doctors in the city.  In 1915, she undertook a six-week course at the Abbott Hospital in Minneapolis to further her knowledge of women’s and children’s diseases.  She was instrumental in the establishment of Providence Hospital in Faulkton in 1917.  Jarvis died in 1931 in Faulkton.  She was the subject of a U.S. stamp issued in a series to commemorate contributions to the medical profession.

Jarvis was also an officer of the Order of the Eastern Star, the masonic auxiliary.

Sources:

  • Ellis, C.H. History of Faulk County, Illustrated (1909), 191, 202, 421.
  • Faulk County Record (Faulkton, SD), May 10, 1894, quoted in record for “Dr. Abbie Ann Hall Jarvis” on Find-a-Grave.com
  • A Lifetime of Caring and Sharing,” South Dakota Historical Society Foundation (February 2015).
  • About Us: History,” Faulkton Medical Center website.
  • Dakota Farmers’ Leader (Canton SD), August 18, 1899. [On Chronicling America]
  • Merck’s Report 13 (September 1904), 276. [On Google Books]
  • Western Druggist 21 (September 1899), 465. [On Google Books]
  • American Pharmaceutical Association, Proceedings of State Pharmaceutical Associations 52, C. Lewis Diehl, “Report on the Progress of Pharmacy” (July 1, 1903 to June 30, 1904), 473.

Emma Paddock Frad and Justina Paddock Baldwin, millinery and dress-making

Emma and Justina Paddock were sisters from Illinois who lived in Faulkton.  In 1910, they had living with them a boarder Annett Stanake (?) who also worked as a milliner.  In 1911, Emma (born c.1862) married widower James Frad (?) in Faulkton.  In 1912, Justina (born 1866) married widower Chancy Baldwin of Shellsburg, Iowa and moved there.  Widowed by 1925, Emma had moved to Shellsburg, Iowa with the Baldwins.

Sources:

  • Ellis, C.H. History of Faulk County, Illustrated (1909), 186.
  • U.S. Census: 1910 (Faulkton SD, E.D. #182, April 25th, sheet 1B).
  • South Dakota Marriage Index, 1905-1914, 1950-2013 and South Dakota Marriage Certificates, 1905-1949. Pierre, SD, USA: South Dakota Department of Health. [On Ancestry.com]
  • Iowa State Census, 1925, Shellsburg, Benton County. [On Ancestry.com]

Anna V. Kreasch, millinery

Anna (1860-1923) was married to George F. Kreasch and was listed in the directory as Mrs. G.F. Kreasch.  In the 1910 census, his occupation was listed as barber, but Anna was not listed with an occupation.

Sources:

  • Ellis, C.H. History of Faulk County, Illustrated (1909), 186.
  • U.S. Census: 1910 (Faulkton SD, E.D. #181, April 15th, sheet 1A).
  • Anna Venetta Kreasch,” Find-a-Grave.com

Rose M. Grater Cordiner, proprietor of the The Gem Hotel

Rose M. Grater was born to Swiss immigrant parents in Buffalo, New York in 1871.  Her family came to Dakota Territory to farm in 1885, and they were quite successful after moving to Faulk County in 1902.  In 1904, she worked as a cook at the Hotel Rudolph  in Canton, South Dakota.  Also in 1904, the Gem Hotel survived a major fire in downtown Faulkton.  In the 1910 census, she lived with her 17-year-old daughter, six female staff, and a lodger on 8th Avenue.  In June 1911, she married Sabin Cordiner, a livestock dealer of Scottish ancestry.  She continued to run the Gem Hotel through at least 1915.

Sources:

  • Ellis, C.H. History of Faulk County, Illustrated (1909), 186, 460-461.
  • Dakota Farmers’ Leader (Canton SD), April 1, 1904, July 15, 1904.
  • U.S. Census: 1910 (Faulkton SD, E.D. #182, April 25th, sheet 1B); 1920 (Faulkton SD, E.D. #146, January 27th, sheet 1A).
  • South Dakota Marriage Index, 1905-1914, 1950-2013 and South Dakota Marriage Certificates, 1905-1949. Pierre, SD, USA: South Dakota Department of Health. [On Ancestry.com]
  • South Dakota Food and Drug Department, annual report (1915), 32, snippet view. [On Google Books]
  • Photograph of the Gem Hotel listed in the Faulk County Research Guide, South Dakota State Archives, Pierre.

Lizzie Fahs Hays Sechler (1862-1939), proprietor of the Western Telephone Exchange

lizziehays

Ellis, History of Faulk County (1909), 430.

Lizzie Fahs married Joseph Hays in Illinois in 1883 and they came to Dakota Territory in 1884/1885.  Joseph H. Hays (1862-1908) was alternately employed in real estate, as a butcher, and had four years as the elected sheriff in the 1890s.  He purchased the Western Telephone Exchange and devoted more of his time to that business after 1905.  After Joseph’s death in 1908, Lizzie managed his business affairs.  In the 1910 census, she was listed as the manager of the telephone exchange and lived with her brother-in-law, nephew, a servant, and two boarders who also worked at the telephone office.  In 1913, she married again to widower Judson K. Sechler and they operated the telephone exchange together (In the 1920 census, Lizzie was not listed with an occupation and Judson was listed as being in the telephone business, but in the 1930 census, Lizzie was listed as owner and Judson as manager of the telephone office).

Sources:

  • Ellis, C.H. History of Faulk County, Illustrated (1909), 125, 186-187, 425-433.
  • Elizabeth ‘Lizzie’ Hays Sechler,” Find-a-Grave.com
  • U.S. Census: 1910 (Faulkton SD, E.D. #182, April 16th, sheet 2A); 1920 (Faulkton SD, E.D. #146, January 28th, sheet 2A); 1930 (Faulkton SD, E.D. #25-13, April 4th, sheet 3A)
  • South Dakota Marriage Index, 1905-1914, 1950-2013 and South Dakota Marriage Certificates, 1905-1949. Pierre, SD, USA: South Dakota Department of Health.

Victorena Ogg Rush (1850-1939), proprietor of a rag carpet factory

Victorena Ogg married Civil War veteran Joel Rush in 1868 and they came to Faulkton in 1888.  Joel Rush died in 1908.  In the 1910 census, Victorena was not listed with an occupation.  Rush was also involved with the Rebekah Lodge (I.O.O.F.), the Degree of Honor beneficiary society, and the Women’s Relief Corps.

Sources:

  • Ellis, C.H. History of Faulk County, Illustrated (1909), 188, 203-204, 208.
  • Victorena Ogg Rush,” Find-a-Grave.com
  • U.S. Census: 1910 (Faulkton SD, E.D. #182, April 15th, sheet 1B)

Hazel Louise Tompkins, first assistant principal, high school 

I can’t find anything else about her.  There is a woman buried in Sturgis, Hazle Louise Tompkins, but she was born in 1913…

Sources:

  • Ellis, C.H. History of Faulk County, Illustrated (1909), 192.

Nellie Bottum (1886-1978), second assistant principal, high school

Nellie Bottum was a daughter of Hon. J.H. and Sylvia Bottum, prominent early residents who came to Faulkton in 1887.  In the 1910 and 1920 censuses, she was living with her family and listed as a high school teacher.  Bottum was also involved with the Order of the Eastern Star.

Sources:

  • Ellis, C.H. History of Faulk County, Illustrated (1909), 192, 286.
  • U.S. Census: 1910 (Faulkton SD, E.D. #182, April 19th, sheet 4B); 1920 (Faulkton SD, E.D. #146, January 29th, sheet 4A)
  • Helen M ‘Nellie’ Bottum,” Find-a-Grave.com

Fannie Bottum Givens (1889-1983), stenographer/typewriter

Fannie Bottum was a daughter of Hon. J.H. and Sylvia Bottum, prominent early residents who came to Faulkton in 1887.  In the 1910 census, she was living with her family and listed as a stenographer for the circuit court.  In 1913, she married William Givens.  They moved to Minnesota, but she eventually worked again as a college secretary.

Sources:

  • Ellis, C.H. History of Faulk County, Illustrated (1909), 188, 286.
  • U.S. Census: 1910 (Faulkton SD, E.D. #182, April 19th, sheet 4B); 1940 (Northfield MN, E.D. #66-21, April 23rd, sheet 12A)
  • South Dakota Marriage Index, 1905-1914, 1950-2013 and South Dakota Marriage Certificates, 1905-1949. Pierre, SD, USA: South Dakota Department of Health. [On Ancestry.com]
  • Fannie Crawford Bottum Givens,” Find-a-Grave.com

Mrs J. Jones, grammar department, high school

Mrs. J. Jones was probably Elizabeth Jones, listed in the 1910 census as married to J. Jones Jr., who was the superintendent of the high school, and born in Iowa in 1865.  However, in the census she is not listed with an occupation, although her daughter is listed as a high school teacher.  Elizabeth Jones was also involved with the Order of the Eastern Star.

Sources:

  • Ellis, C.H. History of Faulk County, Illustrated (1909), 192.
  • U.S. Census: 1910 (Faulkton SD, E.D. #182, April 19th, sheet 4B)

Mae Race (1877-_), first intermediate, high school

In 1899-1900, Mae Race taught at the Sievers School, a one-room school near Rockham in Faulk County; she made $30.00/month.  In 1900-1920, Mae was living with her family and teaching school.

Sources:

  • Ellis, C.H. History of Faulk County, Illustrated (1909), 192.
  • U.S. Census: 1900 (Faulkton SD, E.D. #367, June 6th, sheet 6); 1910 (Faulkton SD, E.D. #182, April 21st, sheet 6A); 1920 (Faulkton SD, E.D. #146, January 29th, sheet 4B)
  • National Register of Historic Places nomination, Sievers School, Faulk County, October 2013.

Mayme Byrne, second intermediate, high school

In 1909, Byrne was also president of a local women’s club called the Swastika Club (…I know, but this was pre-Nazi).  In 1911, she worked as a stenographer for her brother Frank Byrne, then lieutenant governor who later became governor of South Dakota.

Sources:

  • Ellis, C.H. History of Faulk County, Illustrated (1909), 192, 213.
  • Pierre Weekly Free Press (SD), August 14, 1913.

Margaret Nichol (1885-_), primary department, high school

In 1909, Nichol was also press secretary of a local women’s club called the Swastika Club.

Sources:

  • Ellis, C.H. History of Faulk County, Illustrated (1909), 192.
  • U.S. Census: 1910 (Faulkton SD, E.D. #182, April, sheet 7A)

Nellie A. Alt Latham (1858-1945), notary public and stenographer/typewriter

nellielatham

Ellis, History of Faulk County (1909), 313.

Nellie Alt came to Faulk County from Iowa with her sisters, Katie Alt and Alice Pickler with the Pickler family in 1882.  She filed homestead claims on 320 acres that she retained ownership of, at least through 1909.  In the 1910 county atlas, she is listed with land in the southwest quarter of Section 30, Township 119N, Range 69W, Pulaski Twp. and perhaps the northeast quarter of Section 34 in Pulaski Twp. (listed as N.W. Latham, compared to Nellie M. Latham in S.30).  She also served a time as secretary at the state level of the Women’s Relief Corps.

In 1894, Nellie married David Harper Latham, a lawyer who was elected state’s attorney.  She worked as a stenographer at a law office (her husband’s?) at least from 1900-1910.  She was not listed with an occupation in the 1920 census.  Later the Latham’s moved to Los Angeles, California.

Sources:

  • Ellis, C.H. History of Faulk County, Illustrated (1909), 188, 315-316.
  • U.S. Census: 1900 (Faulkton SD, E.D. #367, June 8th, sheet 8); 1910 (Tamworth Township, Faulk, SD, E.D. #182, April 30th, sheet 11B); 1920 (Tamworth Township, Faulk, SD, E.D. #146, February, sheet 11A)
  • Standard Atlas of Faulk County (Chicago: Geo. A. Ogle Co., 1910), 59.
  • Women’s Relief Corps, Journal of the Twenty-First Annual Convention of the Department of South Dakota (1904), 4. [On Google Books]
  • Ella May ‘Nellie’ Latham,” Find-a-Grave.com
  • Photograph listed as an item in the Pickler Papers at the South Dakota State Archives.

Ruby McDearmon Metz (1881-1962), notary public and stenographer/typewriter

After attending school, Ruby McDearmon taught for a time in Orient, then went to secretarial school in Dixon, Illinois.  She then worked as a notary and stenographer for the law office of Frank Turner and for four years as the stenographer/clerk/secretary for Governor Byrne (of Faulkton).  In 1921, she married Nicholas Metz and they farmed near Wecota, north of Faulkton.  McDearmon was also involved in the Daughters of the American Revolution and was a charter member of the Faulkton chapter of the Order of the Eastern Star.

Sources:

  • Ellis, C.H. History of Faulk County, Illustrated (1909), 188, 202, 360.
  • Ruby McDearmon Metz,” Find-a-Grave.com quoting The Daily Plainsman (Huron SD), March 2, 1962.
  • Pierre Weekly Free Press (SD), March 8, 1917.


Eva Hines Norby (1887-_), notary public

In 1910, Eva lived with her parents in Faulkton and worked as a bookkeeper for the Clerk of Courts office.  In 1911, Eva J. Hines married Jacob Norby, an insurance agent from Peever, SD where they then lived.

Sources:

  • Ellis, C.H. History of Faulk County, Illustrated (1909), 188.
  • U.S. Census: 1910 (Faulkton SD, E.D. #182, April 22nd, sheet 8A); 1920 (Peever SD, E.D. #255, January 10th, sheet 4B)
  • South Dakota Marriage Index, 1905-1914, 1950-2013 and South Dakota Marriage Certificates, 1905-1949. Pierre, SD, USA: South Dakota Department of Health. [On Ancestry.com]


Mary/Mayme J. Bryden Shephard (1887-_), stenographer/typewriter

Mary Bryden came to Faulkton with her family as an infant.  She graduated from the “stenographic department” at Dakota Wesleyan University in Mitchell, SD, and worked for the city of Faulkton [Ellis, 338].  Bryden was also involved with the Order of the Eastern Star.  In 1915, she married H.H. Shephard of Pukwana, SD.

Sources:

  • Ellis, C.H. History of Faulk County, Illustrated (1909), 188, 338.
  • U.S. Census: 1900 (Faulkton SD, E.D. #367, June 5th, sheet 3)
  • South Dakota Marriage Index, 1905-1914, 1950-2013 and South Dakota Marriage Certificates, 1905-1949. Pierre, SD, USA: South Dakota Department of Health. [On Ancestry.com]

Mayme Brewer Torsey (1888-1958), stenographer/typewriter

Mayme Brewer worked as a stenographer for an abstract office.  In 1910, she married Herbert Eldon Torsey of Artesian SD.  They lived in Sioux Falls, Faulkton, and somewhere in New York State in 1925-1927.  In the 1940 census, she was listed as an inmate (patient) at the State Asylum in Yankton and had been at least since 1935.  In 1957, she was listed in the Sioux Falls City Directory as working as a maid.

Sources:

  • Ellis, C.H. History of Faulk County, Illustrated (1909), 188.
  • U.S. Census: 1910 (Faulkton SD, E.D. #187, May 9th, sheet 9A); 1920 (Faulkton SD, E.D. #146, January 27th, sheet 1A); 1940 (Utica Twp., Yankton, SD, E.D. #68-14, April 25th, sheet 22A).
  • South Dakota Marriage Index, 1905-1914, 1950-2013 and South Dakota Marriage Certificates, 1905-1949. Pierre, SD, USA: South Dakota Department of Health. [On Ancestry.com]
  • Polk-Avery Directory Co., Sioux Falls City Directory (1911), 3251; (1915), 394l (1957), 586. [On Ancestry.com]
  • Mamie Brewer Torsey,” Find-a-Grave.com.

Gertrude Cornwell Oulton (1886-1974), stenographer/typewriter

Gertrude Cornwell worked as a secretary at an abstract office, probably the office started in 1888 by her father, I. Allen Cornwell.  In 1911, she married Franklin Oulton and they later moved on to Montana, Oregon, and California.

Sources:

  • Ellis, C.H. History of Faulk County, Illustrated (1909), 188.
  • U.S. Census: 1910 (Faulkton SD, E.D. #182, April 19th, sheet 4A); 1920 (Choteau Twp, Teton, MT, E.D. #207, January 14th, sheet 9A); 1930 (Portland OR, E.D. #390, April 7th, sheet 5B).
  • South Dakota Marriage Index, 1905-1914, 1950-2013 and South Dakota Marriage Certificates, 1905-1949. Pierre, SD, USA: South Dakota Department of Health. [On Ancestry.com]
  • Gertrude Cornwell Oulton,” Find-a-Grave.com.

Rhea Griffee Bickell (1887-_), stenographer/typewriter

In 1909, she attended Dakota Wesleyan University  and married newspaperman Thomas Eugene Bickell.  Later in 1940, she worked as a post office clerk.

Sources:

  • Ellis, C.H. History of Faulk County, Illustrated (1909), 188, 496.
  • U.S. Census: 1920 (Faulkton SD, E.D. #146, February 2nd, sheet 6B); 1930 (Faulkton SD, E.D. #25-13, April 5th, sheet 4B); 1940 (Faulkton SD, E.D. #25-13, April 8th, sheet 6A).
  • South Dakota Marriage Index, 1905-1914, 1950-2013 and South Dakota Marriage Certificates, 1905-1949. Pierre, SD, USA: South Dakota Department of Health. [On Ancestry.com]
  • R.L. Polk & Co., Mitchell City Directory (1909), 63.

 

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